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The History of Bay Village, Ohio

   Bay Village residents through history have treasured their hometown for its beauty, bounty and tranquility.

   Bay Village and surrounding areas were home to wandering tribes of Erie Indians when the first white men explored this area, about 1600. The lands were fertile hunting and fishing grounds. The most important Indian trail in Ohio is now Lake Road, which runs through Bay Village.

   In 1778, the State of Virginia had made this part of the country its Northwest Territory during the Revolutionary War. New York, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts and Connecticut, however, also laid claim to the lands. Finally, because of all the confusion and the need for the 13 new United States to come to an agreement, all the states except Connecticut gave up its claims in 1780 and 1781. Connecticut refused to give up what it called its Western Reserve and, until Ohio became a state in 1803, this area belonged to Connecticut.

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   During its ownership, the Connecticut Land Company sold some of the land and gave many acres to Connecticut citizens who had lost their homes and farms during the Revolution. This area was called “The Firelands” because the people had lost their homes and barns to the fires of war.

   One of the members of the Connecticut Land Company was a surveyor named Moses Cleaveland. He and his friends made the trip on horseback from Connecticut in 68 days to the new land they had purchased. They arrived on the banks of the Cuyahoga River with their Indian guides in July, 1796. The party explored, surveyed and marked off land into townships five miles square.

   The township lines between the Cuyahoga River and the Firelands to the west were surveyed and laid out in 1806. Two men from Connecticut bought Township Number 7, bordered by Lake Erie on the north, the township of Olmsted on the south, Rockport (Rocky River) on the east and Avon on the west. The cost: about $32,000 for 25 square miles.

   The owners, Mr. Hubbard and Mr. Stowe, named it Dover Township after their home town of Dover, Connecticut, which was named because it looked similar to Dover, England, and, probably, because the cliffs along the lake looked like the high, white cliffs of England’s shore.

   Mr. Hubbard and Mr. Stowe never came to the lands they owned; they left it to their sales agents to sell the farm lots to new settlers.

   As early as 1799 a man named Joseph Cahoon visited this area and wrote to his wife Lydia in Vermont about a new, beautiful countryside he had found. (Cahoon’s family was Scottish, the name being Colquhoun in Scotland.)

   After returning home to Vergennes, Vermont, in 1807, he bought Lot 95 on the Lake Erie shore at the mouth of a creek. Two years later, at age 52, with his wife, five sons and three daughters, and all their belongings packed into a covered wagon, they set out for the eight-week walk to their new home.

   The Cahoon family stopped their wagon on the morning of October 10, 1810, near a bubbling little creek. Cahoon, a miller by trade, had picked the land knowing he would need waterpower to turn his mill.

   That same afternoon, after righting a spilled wagon in the Rocky River, Asahel Porter and his family, together with his 17-year-old brother-in-law, Reuben Osborn, arrived from New York and claimed Lot 94 to the west.

   With winter approaching, Cahoon and his sons, with nothing more than axes and muscle, built a log cabin in four days. Animal skins covered the windows; the door was the bottom of the wagon.

   By 1818, the Cahoons had built a large, five-bedroom frame house on a grassy hillside above the creek. Joseph called it the most beautiful spot in America. The house stands today as the Rose Hill Museum, filled with Cahoon and other early settlers’ memorabilia.

   The Cahoon family barn, built in 1882, was converted in the 1930s to a community center, which serves the community today.

   The Reuben Osborn house, the oldest frame dwelling between Cleveland and Lorain dating to 1814, was slated for demolition in the early 1990s and was moved from its lakeside lot to a spot near the Cahoon family home in Cahoon Park.

   Settlers came fast between 1811 and 1818. They hacked out homesteads about a half-mile apart on the lakeside dirt road. They were farmers, millers, shoemakers, blacksmiths, teachers and more.

   The Bassett family came in 1811, then the Halls and Crockers. The Saddlers came in 1816, the Windsors in 1817, the Wolfs in 1818, the Bradleys and Clagues in 1819. By 1840 Dover’s population was 960.

   The first schoolteacher was Betsy Crocker, age 14, who began teaching in 1816 in a log schoolhouse on the lakeshore at Bassett Road. After a fire destroyed the log building, a wooden frame schoolhouse was built near the same spot in 1830. A red brick schoolhouse replaced that in 1869 and operated for 72 years. Most children went no further than the sixth grade.

   In 1827 the first organized church was held at the old log schoolhouse. After the congregation grew, a huge log cabin church was built near the schoolhouse, replaced by a wood-frame building in 1840 and in 1908 by a brick building, parts of which still serve today as the Bay Methodist Church.

   Joseph Cahoon’s granddaughter, Ida Maria Cahoon, who never married, was the last living relative, and when she died in 1917 she left the house and 150 acres to the new city of Bay Village, with the stipulation that the home be forever maintained as a library or museum. That land is now Cahoon Park.

John Huntington, one of the original partners in the Standard Oil Company, built a summer estate on 100 acres of land, now known as Huntington Park, part of the Cleveland Metroparks system. The park features the only public beach between Cleveland and Lorain, as well as the Huntington Playhouse.

   An electric railway was built through the city about 1896. It ran from Cleveland to Toledo. Area residents built summer cottages in the city, many of which still stand today as refurbished family homes.

  Besides the electric railway, the New York, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad ran tracks through the area in 1882. The Dover railroad station and nearby store was the center of activity for many years. In 1963 the old station was moved to Huntington Park where it became part of the Baycrafters art shops.

   Washington Lawrence, one of the founders of Union Carbide Corp., in 1895 began the construction of a large home on the lake in Bay Village. Across the street Lawrence constructed one of the first golf courses in the nation. Family members lived in the house until 1948, when it became the Bay View Hospital, operated by the Shepard family. Today it is part of the Cashelmara condominium complex.

   In 1901, because of squabbles over the spending of tax revenues, the City of Bay Village was established in the area of Dover Township north of the railroad tracks. A city government was first elected in 1903.

   The city continued to grow over the years. In 1914 a city hall was erected. In 1920 the Parkview School was built. Today it houses the Bay Middle School. Plans are underway to build a new middle school on the same site. Other schools followed as the population increased.

   A library was built in the late 1970’s, and it now operates as part of the Cuyahoga County public library system.

   The community is protected by a fine fire department housed in a building built in 1973 on Wolf Road. The city plans to erect a new police station adjacent to the fire station by 2003.

   Today, Bay Village is a community of more than 16,000 individuals living in more than 6,200 homes. Like those who have gone before, they enjoy the city’s beauty, bounty and tranquility.


The Cahoon Will

The Last Will and Testament of Ida Maria Cahoon, granddaughter of the first family in Bay Village, specified that the cemetery be forever maintained. Ida had an interest in the cemetery because her grandparents, the first settlers of Bay Village, and her entire immediate family, consisting of her parents and all of her siblings, were interred there.

A portion of “Item 21” in the will of Ida Cahoon reads: “The Lakeside Cemetery situated west of said land on Lot Numbers Ninety-three (93) and Ninety-four (94) in the Village of Bay, in which lie buried many early settlers, is to be sacredly cared for and if need be, protected upon the North by stone wall, but never to be removed from its present location.

“If any of the conditions be violated or said Mayor or Village Council refuse to accept said trust, then and in that event, I give, devise and bequeath the land and Real Estate, in this item named and described to the Board of Trustees of the School Teachers Pension Fund of Cleveland, Ohio, and their successors in office forever as a home for the use of the retired Teachers of the Public Schools of the City of Cleveland, Ohio .”


THE LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT
OF
IDA MARIA CAHOON
I, Ida Maria Cahoon, of the Village of Bay, County of Cuyahoga and State of Ohio, being about sixty-five years of age and of sound and disposing mind and memory, do make, publish and declare this my last will and testament, hereby revoking and annulling any and all wills by me made heretofore!
ITEM FIRST: My will is that all my just debts and funeral expenses be paid out of my estate as soon after my decease as shall be found convenient:
ITEM SECOND: I give, devise and bequeath to Dr. Clifton Dalton Fills of . Cleveland, Ohio, the sum of Three Thousand Dollars, ($3000.00) and I direct that the same be paid to him as soon as convenient after my decease to have and to hold to him and his heirs and assigns forever.
ITEM THIRD: I give, and bequeath to Annie P. Taintor of Minneapolis, Minnesota, the sum of Twenty-five Hundred Dollars, ($2,500.00) and I direct that the sum be paid to her as soon as convenient after my decease to have and to hold to her and her heirs and assigns forever.
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ITEM FOURTH: I give, devise and bequeath to Walter F. Wright of Cleveland, Ohio, the sum of Three Thousand Dollars ($3000.00) and I direct that the same be paid as soon as convenient after my decease to have and to hold to him and his heirs and designs forever.
ITEM FIFTH: I give, devise and bequeath to Alanson F. Hitsman of Orlando, Oklahoma, the sum of Three Thousand Dollars, ($3000.00) and I direct that the same be paid to him, as soon a convenient after my decease to have and to hold to him and his heirs and assigns forever.
ITEM SIXTH: I give, devise and bequeath to Leverett J. Cahoon of Avon, Ohio, the sum of Five Hundred Dollars ($500.00) and I direct that the same be paid to him as soon as convenient after my decease to have and to hold to him and his heirs and assigns forever.
ITEM SEVENTH: I give, devise and bequeath to Leverett Cahoon Aldrich of Ashtabula, Ohio, the sum of Five Hundred Dollars, ($500.00) and I direct that the same be paid to him as soon as convenient after my decease to have and to hold to him and his heirs and assigns forever.
ITEM EIGHTH: I give, devise and bequeath to Louis Cahoon Wright of Cleveland, Ohio, the sum of Five Hundred Dollars ($500.00) and I direct that the same be paid to him as soon as convenient after my decease to have and to hold to him and his heirs and assigns forever.
ITEM NINTH: I give, devise and bequeath to Margaret Cahoon F. Wright of Cleveland, Ohio, the sum of Five Hundred Dollars, ($500.00) and I direct that the sum be paid as soon as convenient after my decease to have and to hold to her and her heirs and assigns forever.
ITEM TENTH: I give, devise and bequeath to Mary Louis Hollenbach of Cleveland, Ohio, the sum of Five Hundred Dollars ($500.00) and I direct that the same be paid to her as soon as convenient after my decease to have and to hold to her and her heirs and assigns forever.
ITEM ELEVENTH: I give, devise and bequeath to Maria Bush Cahoon of Elyria, Ohio, the sum of Five Hundred Dollars ($500.00) and I direct that the same be paid to her as soon as convenient after my decease to have and to hold to her and her heirs and assigns forever.
ITEM TWELFTH: I give, and devise and bequeath to Emma Paul Pope of Bay Village, Ohio, the sum of Five Hundred Dollars ($500.00) and I direct that the same be paid to her as soon as convenient after my decease to have and to hold to her and her heirs and assigns forever.
ITEM THIRTEENTH: I give, and devise and bequeath to olive Paul Bailey, of Bay Village, Ohio the sum of Five Hundred Dollars ($500.00) and I direct that the same be paid her as soon as convenient after my decease to have and to hold to her heirs and assigns forever.
ITEM FOURTEENTH: I give, and devise and bequeath to Mrs, William Jameson of Bay Village, Ohio, the sum of Five Hundred Dollars, ($500.00) and I direct that the same be paid as soon as convenient after my decease to have and to hold to her and her heirs and assigns forever.
ITEM FIFTEENTH: I give, devise and bequeath to William Jameson of Bay Village, Ohio, the sum of Three Hundred Dollars ($300.00) and I direct the same be paid to him as soon as convenient after my decease to have and to hold to him and his heirs and assigns forever.
ITEM SIXTEENTH: I give, devise and bequeath to the Trustees of the First Methodist Episcopal Church of Bay Village, Ohio, and their successors in office the sum of Three Thousand Dollars, ($3000.00) as an endowment fund for said church and I direct that the same be invested and re-invested by said trustees in good sage interest bearing securities and that the interest only thereof be used for the support and maintenance of said church. And I direct that said be paid trustees as soon as convenient after my decease to have and to hold the same upon the trust herein named forever.
ITEM SEVENTEENTH: I give, devise and bequeath to Anna C. Havenner of Santa Barbara, California, the sum of Two Hundred Dollars, ($200.00) and I direct that the same be paid as soon as convenient after my decease to have and to hold to her and her heirs and assigns forever.
ITEM EIGHTEENTH: I give, devise and bequeath to Frank C. Sites of the Village of Bay, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, as an appreciation of his faithful and efficient services through many years the following described real estate situated in the Village of Bay, Ohio, County of Cuyahoga and State of Ohio, and known as being a part of original lot Number eight-five (85) bounded and described as follows: On the north by the north line of said lot Number eight-five (85); on the east by the center of the Cahoon Road; on the south by the center of the Osborn Road; and on the west by the west line of said lot Number eight-five (85) and containing about thirty-five (35) acres of land be the same more or less, to have and to hold to him and his heirs and assigns forever.
ITEM NINETEENTH: I give, devise and bequeath to Margaret Jones of 3524 East 75th Street, Cleveland, Ohio, the following described real estate situated in the Village of Bay, County of Cuyahoga, and State of Ohio, and known as being part of original lot Number eighty-five (85) bounded and described as follows: Beginning in the center of Cahoon Road as the southeast corner of land is said Lot Number eighty-five (85) now owned by me, which, is also the northeast corner of the right-of-way of F. Hagedorn; thence westerly on the north line of said right-of-way two hundred ninety and two-thirds (290 2/3) feet; thence north one hundred and fifty (150) feet; thence east parallel to the north line of said right-of-way to the center of Cahoon Road; thence southerly in the center of the Cahoon Road to the place of beginning containing about one (1) acre of land be the same more or less to have and to hold to her and her heirs and assigns forever.
ITEM TWENTIETH: I give, devise and bequeath to Emma Paul Pope and olive Paul Bailey of the Village of Bay, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, in equal portions share and share alike during their natural lives and to the survivor during her natural life the use of the following described real estate being the house and lot where they now reside bounded as follows: On the south by the south line of lot Number ninety-five (95) on the west by the center of the Cahoon Road; on the north by a line parallel with the south line of said lot Number ninety-five (95) and ten (10) feet north of the following dwelling house now standing on said land; and on the west by a line parallel to the Cahoon Road and easterly therefrom to the place where the level land meets the top of the bank of the Cahoon Creek. At the death of both said Emma Paul Pope and Olive Paul Bailey the land in this item described shall become a part of the Cahoon Memorial Park as in item twenty-one (21) hereinafter provided.
ITEM TWENTY-ONE: I give, devise and bequeath to the Mayor and Council of the Village of Bay, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, and their successors in office in trust for the citizens, people and Village of Bay the following described real estate situated in the Village of Bay, County of Cuyahoga and State of Ohio, and known as being all of original lot Number Ninety-five (95) owned by me at the time of my decease and not hereinbefore or hereafter disposed of, (together with the land and real estate described in Item 20 after the death of both Emma Paul Pope and Olive Paul Bailey) said land and real estate in this Item of my will named shall be forever used as a park for the citizens and Village of Bay and shall be forever known and named Cahoon Memorial Park in honor of the memory of the
Cahoon family which made the first settlement in the township of Dover, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, at this place on October 10, 1810, to have and to hold said land and property in this Item named to said Mayor and Council and their successors in office forever under the trust herein provided.
I hereby direct that the dwelling house now standing on said land and which was built in 1818, shall be forever maintained and used as a library and Museum.
The income from the cultivated land and from the houses and buildings on said real estate shall be expended yearly in keeping in order and improving the Park and buildings standing on said real estate.
This gift to the Mayor and Council of the Village of Bay is made with the following conditions:
That said Park shall at all times be properly policed.
That no boating, bathing, games or sports shall be permitted on said Park or property on Sunday.
That no intoxicating liquors shall ever be bought, sold or used upon said premises nor shall gambling in any form be permitted or allowed thereon.
The Lakeside Cemetery situated west of said land on Lots Numbers Ninety-three (93) and Ninety-four (94) in the village of Bay, in which lie buried many early settlers, is to be sacredly cared for and if need be protected upon the North by stone wall, but never to be removed from its present location.
If any of these conditions be violated or said Mayor or Village Council refuse to accept said trust, then and in that event, I give and bequeath the land and Real Estate, in this Item named and described to the Board of Trustees of the School Teachers Pension Fund of Cleveland, Ohio, and their successors in office forever in trust to said trustees, their successors in office forever as a home for the use of the retired Teachers of the Public Schools of the City of Cleveland, Ohio.
ITEM TWENTY-TWO: I do hereby nominate and appoint the Cleveland Trust Company of Cleveland, Ohio, my trustee to manage, control, invest and reinvest in good, safe, interest bearing securities, the trust fund hereinafter named and provided.
I hereby authorize and empower, said The Cleveland Trust Company my Trustee to act as such without giving bond therefor and I authorize the Court of Probate to onit and excuse the same in pursuance of the Statute.
ITEM TWENTY-THREE: I do hereby nominate and appoint Walter E. Wright of Cleveland, Ohio, executor of this my last will and testament, hereby authorizing and empowering him to compromise, adjust, release and discharge in such manner as shall seem best to him any and all claims or demands due and owing to me.
I do further authorize and empower my said executor to sell at public or private sale at such price or prices and upon such terms as shall seem best to him any portion or portions or all of the several pieces of land owned by me and known as twenty-five and eight hundredths (25.08) acres in Lot Number Eighty-six (86) and forty-seven and fifty-nine hundredths (47.59) acres in Lot Number eighty-four (84) in the Village of Bay, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, and all other lands that I may die seized of, not hereinbefore specifically disposed of. And I further authorize my said executor to make, execute and deliver a deed or deeds of any or all of my said real estate in parcels or as a whole to the purchaser or purchasers thereof without any order of the court to do the same.
I further authorize, empower and direct my said executor to sell at public or private sale any and all personal property that I may have at the time of my decease at such price or prices and upon such terms as shall seem best to him without any order of Court to do the same.
I further authorize and direct my said executor that out of any money that I may have at the time of my decease, and out of the proceeds of the sale of my personal property and the proceeds of the sale of my real estate which my executor is authorized and directed by this will to sell after paying the costs of administration of my estate, he pay any and all indebtedness that I may owe at the time of my decease and any mortgage or mortgages that may then be a lien upon any of my land or property.
And that he pay for the marker at my grave and the markers at the graves of my two sisters Lydia E. Cahoon and Laura E. Cahoon and for the marker at the grave of my sister-in-law, Mrs. Thomas H. Cahoon, as hereinafter provided and that he pay each and all of the specific money bequests, in this will named.
The remainder of the proceeds of my personal property and the proceeds of the land and real estate authorized to be sold as aforesaid, my executor is hereby authorized and directed to pay over to the Cleveland trust Company, my trustee herein named to be disposed of by my said trustee as hereinafter provided.
ITEM TWENTY-FOUR: I hereby authorize and direct my said trustee, The Cleveland Trust Company, to receive from my said executor the residue of the proceeds of my estate as provided in Item 23, as this my said will upon the trust hereinafter named and provided, that my said trustee divide said trust into two equal parts and that said trustee invest and reinvest said two equal parts in such good, safe and interest bearing securities as shall seem best to it. And that one of the said funds shall be known as the Cahoon Memorial Park Fund and that the other fund shall be known as the “Library of Dover by the Lake Fund”.
I hereby authorize and direct said trustee to pay to the Mayor and Council of the village of Bay, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, and their successors in office, or their duly authorized agent the net income from the Cahoon Memorial Park Fund, quarterly, or as shall be agreed between said trustee and the Mayor and the Council of the Village of Bay, which said income shall be used by the Mayor and Council aforesaid, for the purpose of maintaining and beautifying said Cahoon Memorial Park and for the expense of caring for, guarding and protecting said park.
I further direct that the income from the “Library of Dover by the Lake” Fund as hereinbefore provided shall be paid over to the Mayor and Council of said Village of Bay and their sucessors in office or their duly appointed agent, as soon and whenever a library is established in the Cahoon Homestead.
And that said income shall be used to buy books, maintain, support and care for said library. I further direct that if the Mayor and Council of the Village of Bay or their successors in office refuse to accept the trust as provided in Item 21 of this Will, or violate the provisions of said trust, so that the property therein named goes to or reverts to the Board of Trustees of the School Teachers’ Pension Fund of Cleveland, Ohio, then in that event, I direct that my said trustee herein named pay the income of said Funds to the Board of Trustees of the School Teachers’ pension Fund of Cleveland, Ohio, to be used for the support and maintenance of said home for the retired teachers of the Public Schools, of the City of Cleveland, Ohio.
ITEM TWENTY-FIVE: I hereby direct and request that steps be taken by said Mayor and Council of the Village of Bay, to enlist the attention of Mr. Andrew Carnegie and solicit his help and assistance in establishing and maintaining said library.
I hereby give and bequeath to the “Library of Dover by the Lake”, herein intended to be created, all my books, pictures, and I request that the family portraits and best pictures be placed therein on the walls of said Cahoon Homestead, and be forever maintained therein.
I do hereby authorize and empower and direct the Mayor and Council of the Village of Bay, and their successors in office to cause the buildings of said Cahoon Memorial Park property to be insured in reliable and responsible Insurance Companies, and pay the premiums therefor out of the income of the Cahoon Memorial Park Fund as hereinbefore provided.
ITEM TWENTY-SIX: I hereby authorize and direct ny said executor, Walter F. Wright, to cause a marker to be placed at my grave in the Lakeside Cemetery, hereinbefore mentioned, with suitable inscription thereon, and that he cause markers to be placed at the graves of my two sisters, Lydia E. Cahoon and Laura E. Cahoon and at the grave of my sister-in-law, Mrs. Thomas H. Cahoon, with suitable inscription on each, and cause the date of my death and the dates of the death of my sisters to be placed on the Cahoon Monument, if said markers have not been placed at the graves of my sisters and sister-in-law before my decease, and if said inscription be not made on said monument and that he pay for the same out of any funds that shall come into his hands belonging to my estate.
I hereby direct that no bond be required of my executor herein named and I,request the Court of Probate to omit and excuse the same in pursuance of the Statute.
I further direct that no inventory or appraisal be made of my household goods or personal property and I request the Court of Probate to omit and excuse the same in pursuance of the Statute.
IN TESTIMONY WHEREOF I have set my hand to this my last will and testament, at Bay Village, this 16th day of June, in the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and seventeen.
Ida Maria Cahoon
The foregoing instrument was signed by the said Ida Maria Cahoon in our presence, and by her published and declared as and for her last will and testament, and at her request, and in her presence, and in the presence of each other, we hereunto subscribe our names as attesting witnesses, at the Village of Bay, this 16th day of June A. D. 1917.
Henry Wischmeyer, resides at Bay Village, OhioDavid J. Nye, resides at Elyria, Ohio

The Autobiography of Margaret Dickson Van Allan Cahoon

The autobiography of Margaret Dickson Van Allen Cahoon was transcribed from the original documents for the book Retracing Footsteps: Lakeside Cemetery, Bay Village, Cuyahoga County, Ohio by Catherine Burke Flament without modifications. Two handwritten copies are in the collection of the Bay Village Historical Society, 2000.FIC.02.018

My father, John Calhoun DICKSON, was a native of Gulbuoy, Ireland. He came to the United States under the care of an uncle and resided in Philadelphia until he was eighteen, when he went to St. Mary’s County, Md., where he remained a short time, then removed to Washington, D.C. Elizabeth, daughter of Jacob and Margaret Hardman REASER, was born in Frederick Town, Md., Nov. 13, 1770, and was married to my father in that city May 1, 1800. They went to Washington City where they spent the remainder of their lives. I was their only child and was born February 8, 1810. My father died Oct. 2, being 59 years and three days old, and my mother’s life ended March 29, 1828. They are buried in the Congressional Cemetery in Washington, a space for a grave between theirs being reserved, by my father’s request for their only child. When only three days old I was baptized by Rev. Mr. McCormick, pastor of Christ Protestant Episcopal, at the Navy Yard. I was sent to school very early, before I was four years old. My first teacher was an elderly lady who taught in a building which had been used for a stonecutters shop, when the first Capitol was being built. I remember her as a very kind lady, whom I called Grandma Elferd. I was taken to school by riding on horseback before my father or the man servant. I do not know that I acquired much knowledge in this school but remember distinctly the little pallet made for me when sleep overtook me.
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Mrs. Haley was my second teacher. This was after the war of 1812, as the first school building was destroyed by the British. The way to this school was through the Capitol Grounds, being a small enclosure, you would think so to compare the present with the past. She rewarded us with nuts and candy. My next teacher was Mrs. Noy, a very lovely lady, sister of the Washington Postmaster. In Mr. Tippet’s, the next school I attended where the monitor system was observed, one day his assistant whipped every scholar, why we never knew.
While a pupil in Miss White’s school the Pawnee tribe of Indians came to Washington on business with “The Great Father.” The pupils of Miss White’s Seminary, having heard of the magnanimous deed of one of the chiefs of that tribe in rescuing a white woman from the funeral fire, resolved to show in a measure their appreciation of his valor on that occasion, had a large gold medal made to present to him. On one side of the medal was a representation of the event – the fire, the woman bound to the stake, the chief with two horses ready to rescue her. On the reverse side was inscribed, “Presented by the young ladies of Miss White’s Seminary, Washington City, D.C.”
I would like to narrate the proceedings as I remember them. Each pupil contributed two dollars, which was placed in Miss White’s hands to order the medal and make the purchases. We were to have a gay dress for the squaw and beads for the papoose. On the appointed day the teacher and pupils assembled in the schoolroom which was in the old Washington Bank. The scholars were in the cloakroom. The Indians came and seated themselves on the floor. Then Miss White led her pupils in the schoolroom. On our entrance the Indians smoked the pipe of peace and it was handed to each of us. Miss Mary Rapine, the oldest scholar, presented the medal and made an admirable speech. The Chief’s reply was quite eloquent, being translated by their interpreter, and the gifts to the squaw and papoose, appeared to delight him as much as the medal. He became very demonstrative when the beads were placed on the baby’s neck. Mary Rapine wore a crimson crape dress, and broad white satin scarf, which seemed to please the Indians very much. All were happy – we in giving and they in receiving.
We had two May parties while I was attending the school. The pupils voted for the queen, and she selected her maids of honor, crown bearer, and floras. We had a throne decorated with flowers and evergreen. The floras, carrying little baskets filled with flowers, preceded the queen who was guarded by four maids of honor, followed by the pupils and last by the crown bearer and her assistant. The line of pupils divided and the crown bearer and her assistant passed up to the stage and placed the crown on the head of the queen. The assistant put a garland of flowers around her shoulders. They then conducted her to and seated her on the throne. The crown bearer made a short speech to which the queen replied. After this reply the six little floras each repeated a verse and handed her their baskets to select a flower from. The rest were cast at her feet. The Queen was congratulated by the teacher and pupils. The rest of the day was spent in play. These May parties were held in the woods about two miles out of the city, and we enjoyed them very much.
Miss White was a native of Salem, Mass., and I think was the only Congregationalist in the city at that time. She rewarded us for good conduct and being at the head of our classes by allowing us gold medals. We were permitted to wear the medals a week and were very much pleased to have them over Sunday. I often received the medal for being at the head of the class, sometimes had three at once, but on account of whispering never received one for good conduct.
I next attended Thomas Wheat and Son’s Hamiltonian school at the Navy Yard. Mr. Wheat was an intimate friend of my father’s and a prominent member of the Ebenezer Church. After sometime I was placed under the instruction of Mr. Malz Brashears, where I was taught to understand Grammar more fully than ever before. He was the author of “Brashears’ Grammatical Tables.” Mr. Brashears also paid particular attention to Orthography and Reading. It was while in this school I received a copy of Thomson’s “Seasons” as a prize awarded by the votes of the audience for reading Cowper’s poem, “Cruelty to Brutes Censured.”
I was sent to Don and Madame Tastus who were Spaniard’s. Here I received my first lessons in painting. I was only a short time under their tuition. The Madame ate our dinners. Mrs. Stone, an English lady who was considered a superior teacher for young ladies, was the principal of the last school I attended. I liked all of my teachers, but think Miss White and Mr. Brashears were remarkably fine. The instruction received from them has remained in memory through all my life, and for which I am very grateful.
I have written a long chapter on education as I consider it of great importance.

Among the earliest recollections of the war of 1812, I remember distinctly my father coming into the house on the morning of August 24, 1814, and telling my mother that the British were coming up the Eastern Branch of the Potomac and would be in the city in a short time, requesting her to use all possible haste to be ready, as he had engaged a hack to take Mother, sister and me to Frederick City about forty miles distant where Mother’s sister lived. I also recollect our journey, stopping at a spring to eat our lunch, and that it was a very warm day. The news was carried from Washington daily to Frederick by a man on horseback called the Express, who called out as he rode through the streets: “The British in the City”; “The Capitol in Flames”; “General Ross Horse Shot From Under Him”; “The British have taken possession of the President’s House.” I used to sit on my aunt’s portico every evening to hear the news, not that I really understood the meaning of it all, yet I knew there was something dreadful about the war, and was anxious to hear from my father who remained in Washington and whom I loved dearly.
While we were in Frederick father was a prisoner for one day and compelled to walk to the President’s House, about two miles, a greater distance than he had walked for many years. When the soldiers entered the house to search for firearms and take father prisoner, he was reading for morning devotion in the family Bible, which I have given to Marshall. A few days before the British came our money, silver and other valuables were put in boxes and buried in the garden. We spent about a week in Frederick and returned to Washington where we found things much changed. Father took me to the Capitol and there we saw the walls of the House of Representatives and Senate Chambers all blackened with smoke, the eagle over the Speaker’s chair blackened and broken, and the names of Cockburn and Armstrong written on the walls and columns. Armstrong was the Secretary of War in 1812. It was said by some he was bribed. The Capitol buildings were so mutilated the citizens of Washington feared Congress would be removed to some other city.
A number of citizens formed an association to erect a building, which was called “The Brick Capitol,” to be ready for occupancy at the opening of the next session of Congress and it was accomplished. This building was only a few rods from our home and father owned stock in it. It was used afterward by Commissioners of Ghent, also as a prison in the war of the Rebellion. It was with some of the interest of this stock that we bought the scholarships in the Ohio Wesleyan University. We sold the stock to a Mr. Adams of Washington and used the avails in purchasing the six acres from Mr. Smith. After peace was declared, the city was illuminated with candles, put in tin sockets and potatoes cut flat to hold the lights, they were placed at the little panes of glass, some to form designs and mottoes. I remember my father’s taking one to a thickly populated part of the City to see the “Beautiful Sight.” Quite different from the Electric lights now used. Remember when you read this it took place seventy-five years ago, and I am glad that I can and do rejoice with you in the wonderful improvements.
President Madison resided for a short time until his former residence was repaired at the Octagon House, in the corner house of a row called the Six Buildings. I have seen Mrs. Dolly Madison many times talking to her pet parrot. She was a very commanding looking lady and wore elegant looking turbans. It was a source of great pleasure to me when a child to look upon her lovely face. I was present at the inauguration of President Monroe which took place at the Brick Capitol March 4, 1817, a temporary platform having been erected for that occasion. I became acquainted with Virginia Gouverneur, a granddaughter of the President’s while on a visit to Major Adlum’s who was a relative of my mother’s and who is said to be the father of grape culture in the United States.
When a child, my father took me to every session to visit the judges of the Supreme Court. They appeared to be interested in my education, asking me how I progressed in my studies, having me read, and pronouncing words for me to spell. At one time Justice Livingston gave me colander to spell, saying, “If you spell it correctly, Margaret, you shall have the nicest hat in the city and you may have two trials, for the Chief Justice could not spell it.” He thought I would spell it right but I lost the hat. The impression made on my young mind caused me ever to remember those great men with much veneration.
Those I remember distinctly are Chief Justice Marshall of Virginia, who was a very plain, mild gentleman, remarkably polite; Justice Story of Connecticut, bright and cheerful in his appearance; Justice Brockholst Livingston of New York, who was a very dignified person; Justice Bushrod Washington, a nephew of General Washington; Justice Johnson of New York; and Justice Duval of Maryland. The judges all boarded at the same house. On my way to Miss White’s school I passed through the Capitol grounds, and often stopped on my return when Congress was in session to hear the debates. It was then I heard Henry Clay, John Randolph, John C. Calhoun, Edward Everett, Daniel Webster, and many other notable men. Mr. Randolph boarded opposite the Capitol and could be seen almost any morning – especially if he was to speak on an important subject-riding on a gallop followed by his servant John and a number of hounds. Whenever it was known that Mr. Randolph was to speak the galleries of the House of Representatives were crowded. This he did not always appreciate as an instance will prove. On one occasion, on looking up and seeing the galleries mostly filled by ladies he said, “I think those ladies would be much better employed at home darning their husband’s stockings.”
Messrs. Everett and Webster were very intimate friends. They boarded near each other and the same carriage served both families. Mr. O’Brien who was the member from Maine when in 1820 it was admitted as a State into the Union. He frequently came and requested the privilege to hoe in our garden for exercise. Hon. Elias Keyes visited Father often and wrote him a letter saying he wished to rent rooms, “One for a family room, another for a bed chamber” also that “he would furnish his own provender,” and directed the letter to “John C. Dickson the grate gardener, Washington City.” I believe he was Governor of Vermont at one time. Hon. James Buchanan, then Senator from Pennsylvania, visited us twice every session always bringing us a letter from Mother’s aunt who lived in Lancaster and taking our answer when he returned. He was a fine looking gentleman, very polished and prepossessing in his manners. When Commodore Decatur was killed in the duel at Bladensburg, I saw the party on their way to the fatal field.
Commodore Decatur was a brave naval officer and was accused of cowardice by Commodore Barron, who was the challenger. He was buried at Kalorama in a vault belonging to Col. Taylor (name crossed out). “He was followed to his grave by the President of the United States, and the most illustrious men of our times. The same cannon which so often announced the splendid achievements of Decatur, now marked the periods of bearing him to the tomb. Their reverberating thunder mournfully echoed through the metropolis, and also vibrated through a heart tortured to agony.” He tried to avert the duel, saying to Commodore Barron, “I have not challenged you, nor do I intend to challenge you; your life depends upon yourself.” I have written a long account of this brave officer for the reason that my father held him in great esteem, and I remember how often and sorrowful I used to look at a fine oil portrait we had of him. I attended the funeral and recollect how sad the people appeared.
When General LaFayette visited Washington in 1824 a procession of girls from Mr. McLeod’s school, dressed to represent the States of the Union, met him at the East gate of the Capitol grounds and repeated the lines which was sung to General Washington as he crossed the bridge at Princeton.

Welcome, mighty chief once more!
Welcome to this grateful shore!
Now no mercenary foe
Aims again the fatal blow,
Aims at thee the fatal blows.

Virgins fair and matrons grave,
Those thy conquering arm did save,
Build for thee triumphal bowers.
Strew ye fair, his way with flowers.
Strew your hero’s way with flowers.

During the singing of the last two lines, the ground in front of LaFayette was strewn with flowers by the young ladies. The scene was truly beautiful, LaFayette showing considerable emotion! They then joined the procession at the East portico of the Capitol. Here he received the citizens and I am pleased to say I had the honor of shaking hands with such an illustrious and venerable general.

In my childhood there was no Sabbath Schools except for colored people. I attended classes in Catechism every Saturday afternoon at Ebenezer M. E. Church taught by the minister in charge. My father united with the church about 1812 under the ministry of Rev. Andrew Hemphill, “He was a Good man, full of the Holy Ghost and of faith.” Mother united with the church soon after, Rev. Mr. Montgomery being the pastor. My father’s house was always a home for the Methodist preachers and I will mention the names of a few who visited us frequently: Rev Hemphill, Watt, Montgomery, Monroe, Waugh, Peyton, Slicer, Wilson, and Keppler. Father was one of the charter members of the Ebenezer Station, which was the only M. E. Church in Washington at the time. I always enjoyed the visits of our ministers, and judging from the notice I received from them I must have been quite a favorite. Grandpa Watts gave me the first religious book I ever owned, having for its title, “The Life of Jesus A Token for Little Children,” which I prized very much. Father was a subscriber for the Methodist Magazine when it was first published and continued taking it until it was superceded by The Christian Advocate and Journal.
I was taught to remember the Sabbath day and keep it holy, which had a good effect on me in after life. I have heard many of the celebrities of our church preach, namely, Bishops Soule, Vaughn Emory, Baker, Simpson, Thomson, Foster, Merrill, Peck, Andrews, Fowler, Joyce, and Foss. Also Revs. Summerfield, Lorenso Dour, Moffit, Bascom, Peyton Hammet, Stephen Rozzel, Adam Poe, Louis R. Fechtig, French J. Evans, and John P. Durbin. I heard Dr. Durbin preach the most eloquent sermon to which I ever listened in the House of Representatives from Philippians 2 and from the fifth to the eleventh verses inclusive. He concluded his sermon by quoting the last stanza from Thomson’s “Hymn to the Seasons,” beginning with “Should fate command me the farthest verge.” I never heard anything so fine. It still rings in my ears, and the angelic countenance of the speaker til….to my vision. I also was permitted to hear Miss Harriet Livermore, sister to Senator Livermore, many times. The sermon that I will speak of in particular was in the House of Representatives during President John Quincy Adams administration from Samuel, 23 Chapter, 3, 4 verses.
I united with the Ebenezer M. E. Church in Washington City when I was eleven years old, Rev. Yelverton Peyton being pastor. I suppose my name is on the records yet. In consequence of my many removals and the care of my children for some time, I rarely attended church but I followed my early teachings reading the Bible, and having my children commit portions of it to memory, and reading religious books, and never lost my love for the church of my youth. I was and am a firm believer in her doctrines and polity. I again united with the M. E. Church in Dover in 1851, Mr. Plummer receiving me into the church. Since that time I have endeavored to be a humble follower of my Lord and Master. During my residence in Dover I have heard Bishop Simpson preach some very impressive sermons. The last time I heard the saintly Simpson was at the dedication of the Brooklyn M. E. Church.

I was married to John Douglas VAN ALLEN August 16, 1827, the Rev. William Ryland officiating. I remained with my mother until March 1828, when I went with Mr. Van Allen to New York city, his native place. We boarded with his oldest sister, Susan Van Guieson , who was very kind and loving to me. Mr. Van Allen had three other sisters; Margaret FRANK, Maria CARROL, Caroline HAGERMAN and a brother Peter, all living in New York. April 3, I received a letter from Miss Ellen Hickey who was one of our most intimate friends bringing the sad intelligence that my dear mother was very ill. We started as soon as possible for Washington and on our arrival found that mother’s death occurred one week previous. She had passed away about two hours after Miss Hickey’s letter was written, being sick but one day. The friends who were with her and so kindly cared for her assured me that everything that human skill could do was done, but of no avail. Dr. Frederick May, our family physician spent the entire day with her. Mr. Havenner, her dearest friend, was kneeling by her bedside praying with her, holding her hand in his when death loosed the clasp. The Rev. Norval Wilson officiated at the funeral, and she was laid away in the Congressional Cemetery. This was the second sorrow in my life.
I returned to New York and remained there until May, when we went to Philadelphia. Mr. Van Allen, going to work for Mr. Shuthers, I remained in Philadelphia until November, when I went to Harrisburg, and on our journey homeward we visited mother’s aunts and cousins in Lancaster – were very cordially received and kindly treated. We arrived in Philadelphia Dec. 3 and Mr. Van Allen was never out of the house after. He did not seem to suffer much pain, but gradually grew weaker, and on the fourth of March 1829 he was taken from me, leaving me an orphan and a widow. Another deep sorrow added to the death of my dear mother, but God who had watched over me in years past, provided a friend in Mr. Havenner, who had been my guardian, and for whom I have always had the tenderest love. He wrote to me immediately, to come to Washington, saying that as long as he had a home I should share it with his children. I always found it just as he said, I feel grateful to him not only for the house, but the kind counsel and fatherly love bestowed upon me.
While a widow, I spent my time at my Aunt Proctor’s (sp.?) in Fredricksburg, Va. Aunt Micheal in Frederick, Md., and at Mr. Havenner’s the latter place being my home. While I was in Fredricksburg the remains of “Mary the mother of Washington” were removed from the former burial place, the old farm of the Washington family to the site where in May the corner stone was laid by President Jackson. At the present time, Jan 18, 1890, there is a lawsuit between The Ladies Association and a real estate firm who pretend to claim the site which was bought from a gentleman with whom I was well acquainted.

I visited my Aunt in Frederick early in November 1830 and it was when there that I was introduced to your Pa. He paid particular attention to me and said he was pleased with me the first time he saw me. An attachment was formed which resulted in our marriage. The ceremony was performed at the residence of my Aunt Micheals, Rev. McSchaeffer officiating, Cousin Ellen was bridesmaid and Mr. George Rice, groomsmen. I was dressed in a light gray Gros dicNaples silk, made surplice waist, a thread lace inside handkerchiefs, the shirt full with three large sized tucks, White silk stockings and white satin slippers. My hair was dressed high wearing a high comb, two puffs each side, and long curls at the back. A head dress made of white satin braids so as to form a coronet, I carried a very fine linen cambric handkerchief made of a square of the material and beautifully marked with indelible ink. It was large enough to make a half dozen pocket handkerchiefs today.
Mr. Cahoon wore a suit of crape dressed black cloth, white vest, white cravat, white silk socks and morocco pumps. Your uncle Daniel, Aunt and family, Mr. and Mrs. Havenner their sons, John Fletcher, and Charles Wesley, Captains Parrish and Weems, Mr. and Mrs. Simmons and Mrs. Evett were the wedding guests. In the fifty-nine years that have passed since that memorable day to me, great changes have taken place. Of all the guests assembled on that day, cousin Ellen Benney is the only one that has not crossed the “River of Death.” She, aunt’s colored servant, Susan and myself are the persons that are living who were present at the time of our marriage.
Your Pa and Uncle had a heavy rock contract on the Baltimore and Ohio Rail Road known as the Cahoon deep cut. They had planned they would have some very heavy blasts on the next day, your Pa and I accompanied by the most of the wedding guests drove to the section about a mile distant and your uncle had the fuses in readiness so that when we arrived about fifty blasts went off making a tremendous noise, and throwing out the largest blocks of limestone I ever saw. After remaining at the section about two hours, we returned to Aunt’s and partook of a delicious dinner. Rather a novel way to entertain a bride, you think but it pleased me, because it delighted your Pa and Uncle.
Here let me acknowledge my love, gratitude and respect for my dear aunt, who after my mother’s death filled her place more than any other person. She was tender and careful of me all the time I was near her and very indulgent of Thomas and Joseph when children. As long as life lasts I hope to remember her gratefully. We remained at aunt’s a few days and then went to New Market, Frederick County, Md., where your Pa had section seven on the B. & O.R.R. to build. We boarded at Mr. Owing’s Hotel which was a very pleasant home and where we formed many pleasant acquaintances. When this contract was completed we returned to Frederick and boarded with aunt. On the 28th of November, the first passenger cars drawn by horses, came to Frederick, having on board Mr. Thomas the president of the board of directors, the engineers and superintendents of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. In honor of the occasion the citizens of Frederick gave a banquet to which your Pa and Uncle were invited. It was a gala day for Frederick, as much so then as the viaduct was to Cleveland, the cars had never run any further than Ellicotts Mills, twelve miles from Baltimore. The next day we went to Hancock, Md. and boarded with Mrs. Oliver who was very kind and motherly to me. Your Pa had a contract with the B.& O. R.R. to supply them with ties. He had to be away from home as his business was chiefly with the lumbermen in the mountains. It was while we were at this place Mrs. Charlton sent a horse with mother’s side saddle for me to visit her. Your Pa, Mrs. Oliver and I accepted the invitation and had a very pleasant visit at her home in Pa. A page of the manuscript appears to be missing
…to Mr. Cromwell’s to board, Your Pa had several miles of McAdamsed road to build. Here I saw the great shower of meteors on October 13. It appeared as though it were raining stars. We returned to Frederick and on the ninth of January, our son John Joseph, who has the name of his two grandfathers, was born. We went to Williamsport, Md., where your Pa had another contract with the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Co. We remained here about one year, boarding at Brown’s Hotel. Your Pa, Thomas, Joseph and I left Frederick May 1, 1835, for a visit to Dover, Ohio, by stage; arrived in Cleveland the fifth. We put up at the Franklin House, kept by Mr. Scoville. In the morning your Pa asked Mr. Scoville where he could get a hack to take him to Leverett JOHNSON’S in Dover. He pointed him to the stable back of a crockery store on the opposite side of the street, saying it was the only hack in Cleveland. We reached Dover about noon, your Aunt Abby was the first one to meet us, she seemed pleased to see me. I thought she appeared shy and embarrassed. Soon your uncle Leverett came in and I felt more at ease. They sent your Cousin Asahel to the lake to inform your Grandpa (Joseph Cahoon) of our arrival. The next morning very early we heard someone talking in the sitting room. Pa recognized his voice and immediately went out to see him. I followed very soon and received a warm and loving reception as did the two boys. I already loved him not only as the father of my husband, but for the many loving letters I had received from him since my marriage, one in particular, the first one we received after our marriage. I will give you a sentence or two, and you will be able to form your own opinions. He commenced the letter in saying,

“Dear,
What shall I say, I have been saying child, I now say Dear Children, Every new connection lays me under renewed obligations to strive for their happiness, this my feelings would prompt me to do by wishing you all the happiness that an accommodating world, and a well regulated life can afford you, the reason for this desideratum I must leave for you to pursue, and bring to your view a happiness far superior to any worldly happiness.”

Two years later your uncle visited Ohio, making the journey on horseback, to visit his venerable and aged father. He spent about three weeks with the different members of the family and his visit delighted Father that he was quite overcome. As he expressed himself “he thought he would pass off the stage of life.” This proved to be true, for the day that Daniel, your uncle, intended starting on his return your grandpa was taken sick and became so ill that Daniel remained, and the next day the family was shocked by his sudden death. The most of his children were with him at the time he passed away. It was always a great consolation to your uncle that he could be with your Grandpa in his last moments.
Before this I ought to have mentioned Mother Cahoon’s (Martha Cahoon) death, but will speak of it now in connection with that of your Grandpa, Your Grandma was taken suddenly ill while alone, Father having been detained at your uncle Leverett’s on account of a violent thunderstorm. The granddaughter, Silesia, was at Newburg to visit her mother. When Father returned very early in the morning he found her very ill, scarcely able to speak, and after inquiring from her relative to her sickness went to Brother Amos for assistance. Nothing could relieve her and in a few hours, she who was so loved and lovely was removed from them by death. The old neighbors have frequently told me how much they missed her, also spoke of her many deeds of kindness, and amiable qualities. Your Uncle Daniel selected the following to be inscribed to their memories.

“The terrors of Death had not power to alarm him,
He felt not its sting, he feared not the tomb;
For the smiles of his Savior in mercy had met him,
Oh, Death thou art anguished! Oh, Grave where’s thy gloom?

Then calm be the spot where her form now reposeth,
May the friends who so loved her visit the grave,
And find, though the cold sod her ashes encloseth,
She lives in the presence of Him who can save.”

The next Monday, your Aunt Mary (GRIFFITH), uncle William and Mr. Griffith came to see us, and we accompanied them to Elyria, making your uncle’s (Wm.) house our home. Your Grandpa invited all his children home to dine with him. He requested me to have a Maryland dinner, I made potato pies. When we were seated at the table he said, “Daughter you forgot the tea” and when I told him we never had tea for dinner in Maryland, he replied, “We will not have tea, we want a Maryland dinner.” He enjoyed the gathering very much.
After spending four weeks very pleasantly with our relatives we left Ohio and turned our faces homeward. We bought a pair of horses, that we named Montezuma and Pizarro, also a Jersey wagon with two seats. We had the seats so arranged that the children could sleep there when we were driving, also had a stationary umbrella to protect them from the sun. We made our journey from Ohio to Maryland in ten days, having had a delightful journey. I kept an account of our expenses and found the cost of our return trip was twenty-seven dollars, a journey of four persons, two horses and a toll! We arrived in Frederick June 13 and went to board with an old friend Mrs. Evitt who had a beautiful residence called “Bears Folly” just in the suburbs of the city. On the 16 of August to our delight our daughter Lydia Elizabeth was born. September 17 we went to Clear Spring, thirty-six miles from Frederick and boarded at Boyd’s Hotel, until April when we commenced keeping house for the first time. Your Pa and uncle had two very large contracts on the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. Your uncle had the management of the Round Top work, which was twenty miles west, and your Pa had the work that was two miles distant. It was at Clear Spring Thomas was sent to school to Mrs. Miller. Joseph also attended a short time. The birth of D. Kenyon Jan 25 in Clear Spring Md. added another son to our family, August 21, 1838. I’ve started to seek a home in the South. We chartered a stage, Pa., uncle Thomas, Joseph, Lydia, Kenyon and I were the passengers. We had a very pleasant journey to Wheeling, where we had expected to take a steamboat to Cincinnati, but on our arrival, we found the Ohio river so low we were detained several days, and accepted the hospitality of Wm. Newman and wife, old Maryland friends, who heard of our coming, and came to the hotel and insisted on removing our baggage, and having us remain with them until we decided upon our mode of traveling to Cincinnati. We were so cordially entertained that I quote a line from Burns which I wish to impress on your minds.

“When thou meetest thy mother’s friend
Remember him for me!”

We hired a private conveyance to Cincinnati. From there we took passage on the little Steamer Return and even to the Louisville House for a few days, obtained board in a private boarding with Mrs. Ingham, Main street, remained there until late in November. We then went to Hamburg, Indiana, eight miles from Louisville. This place was inhabited principally by men who followed running flat boats for an occupation and were the most ignorant and degraded people I ever met, although I had not any personal acquaintance with them. Mr. Smith, the gentleman with whom we boarded, kept the stage house and was a large landholder. His wife was very kind to me and remarkably so to the children, proving to me that often beneath a rough exterior, we find a kind heart. Thomas and Joseph attended school here, kept by Miss Dour (sp.?), a great niece of the eccentric Lorenzo Dour. She was an excellent teacher, and she was the first teacher I ever knew to teach orthography by sound. We remained here nearly two years, your Pa having a contract on the Crawfordsville and Salem Road with the State of Indiana. The State suspended payment and of course the work had to stop. Our next home was at New Albany where we boarded with Mrs. Elderkin.
On October 12 we had a nice little black-eyed boy whom we called Charles Oscar. In November we returned to Louisville and remained until May, when we went to Cleves, O. Here we boarded a few weeks until the log cabin was ready for occupancy. The cabin was built on Mr. Richard Hughes’ farm. Log cabins were very much in vogue at that time, the campaign of 1840. It was built of green Buckeye logs, had a sitting and dining room combined, two bedrooms, and kitchen. We had a latch string hanging out, also a barrel of cider near the door. Several companies of delegates from Indiana passed by the door on their way to pay their respects to General Harrison at North Bend. They would “about face and salute with three hearty cheers for Tippecanoe and Tyler too,” which always was returned heartily and an invitation to drink a glass of cider. On July 7, 1841, your Pa, Thomas, and Joseph attended the burial of President Harrison on high hill at North Bend from which you can look upon the three States of Ohio, Kentucky and Indiana.
It was while living here that “Death came unbidden on to the household band “and took from us our dearly beloved brother Daniel who died in Cincinnati with congestive chills October 7, 1841. He and your Pa had been in business twenty-one years and your Pa said they never had an angry word. We laid him away in the Gano Cemetery.
December 12 we had another daughter who we named Laura Ellen and we all thought she was a very sweet little sister. While living here we formed warm and lasting friendships. I forgot to say Pa and Uncle were engaged in building locks and aqueducts on the Cincinnati and White Water canal.
After the death of your uncle your Pa decided he would quit public works and go to his old farm in Dover, to which I acquiesced and the children were delighted with the plan. We left the Log Cabin August 19, spending two days in Cincinnati. Here we bought the carriage in which all the family traveled to Dover. It was the only carriage in the town for several years. On our journey we visited Brother Franklin and family at Norwalk. We arrived at Elyria the 27th, were the guests of Sister Mary Griffith, who was then at the Mansion House. After visiting the relatives, we went to Rockport, rented a house until we could get possession of our home at Rose Hill. The place had been badly neglected, having been rented for a long time. Your Pa went up every day and made such repairs as he could that it might be comfortable. Mr. OVIATT who was occupying a part of the house was not willing to move until June. The 29 November we moved to the home at Dover; which has been my home for forty-seven years. A home I love. There is so much associated with and about it which makes it very dear indeed, almost sacred to me. It has been the birthplace of five of my children. Here, too, I have days of pleasure, also of sorrow. Here I have been called to drink deep of the cup of sorrow in the removal of my dear husband and three dearly loved children.

“Things are around us that have ceased to be,
And starry hopes, extinguished long ago,
Still link us to the past.”

As this home has been in possession of the family for three generations, I hope it will continue for many years; and if it should be there is no longer one of the name to inherit it, I hope it may have founded upon it a benevolent institution bearing the name of Cahoon.
In the fall of 1842 your Pa commenced repairing the grist and sawmills. He sawed considerable ship plank, which he sold for fifteen dollars a thousand, thought to be a great price then. We succeeded pretty well in business matters owing to your Pa’s good management and industry. February 22 another baby was added to our household, in the person of a daughter whom we named Martha Washington. When I came here many of the relatives thought I would not remain long as it was so lonely, but I thought it was for our interest and as I had through my married life, tried to suit myself to our circumstances – I was contented with my situation. Your cousin Ruth visited me frequently and cheered me very much by her happy face and agreeable conversation. It is a pleasure to me now to think of her cheerful company. November 14 our son Leverett Judson came to us, and was named after his Uncle Leverett Johnson, who came to Dover the same day as your Pa did, and was nearly the same age, also married your Pa’s youngest sister. A warm friendship was formed that lasted until death loosed the cord that bound them. The name of Judson was for the noted Baptist Missionary sent to India 1812.
About this time the Outward Bound was built on our beach. I then formed the acquaintance of Mrs. Lyman Crowl and Mrs. Susan Snow, both of whom were cherished friends. They were the first acquaintances in Cleveland. Nothing of much interest occurred for some time except the birth of my three youngest children, John Marshall August 20, 1847. Mary Emma August 20, 1849. Ida Maria March 17, 1852. They were all lovingly welcomed, making the number eleven.

“Each time I thought how near, how dear,
The little children God has sent us;
How full they made our house of cheer,
And how their presence did content us.
Hard if but one were laid away,
This year or next as might or may be.
Our hearts would ache, would burn or break,
And now – another baby.

“Ah, so I thought, and so I said,
In ecstasy of peace and pleasure,
As bending down I kissed the head
Of any last weest, sweetest treasure;
O dear child of my life and love,
Whatever you are, whatever you may be,
I take you from the Christ above,
And thank Him for – another baby.”

In September we were called to mourn the death of Sister Mary Griffith, a favorite sister. Dr. Pierce preached her funeral sermon, taking for his text, at her request, “Prepare to meet thy God!”
We had for many years desired much to visit Washington, but our limited means, and family cares prevented, until March 1853. Your Pa, Marshall and Ida and I made the long anticipated visit, arriving at Washington March 3. The morning of the 4th your Pa went to the Capitol to witness the inauguration of Franklin Pierce, the fourteenth President of the United States. I saw the procession from Pennsylvania Avenue. This was the first journey on a railroad. We were very cordially received by our friends and had a delightful visit to my old home, also visiting many places of note that I had been familiar with in my girlhood days which was very pleasing to me. After spending two weeks in Washington, we bade adieu to our loved friends, and went to Frederick City to visit Cousin Margaret RICE and my dearly beloved Aunt Micheal, who were overjoyed to see us. Cousin Margaret and I were as dear to each other as sisters for many years, seeing each other every day. The memory of her and Mr. Rice are very dear to me. We remained with them some weeks. Mr. Rice, Mrs. Rice, your Pa and our little ones left on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad for Baltimore to look on Cousin Ellen Binney for mother and sister. After spending a short time and enjoying ourselves, we left Baltimore on the B & O R. R. and had a delightful ride, enjoying the scenery very much, arrived at home, where we found all well and glad to welcome us home again after an absence of six weeks.
When I left home I promised the nicest present should be given to the one who behaved the best during my absence. It was voted by acclamation that Oscar should receive the gift. I think you were all pretty good children. I have visited Washington twice since. In the spring of 1872 in company with Marshall, and in 1885 accompanied by Leverett and Ida, I spent my seventy fifth birthday at Bettie Havenner McEwens. The remaining members of Mr. Havenner’s family with old friend Daniel Smith and his son Dr. Thomas Smith were invited to Bettie’s to tea on that day. Mr. William Rowe asked the blessing. We all enjoyed the occasion and I presented all the guests with a souvenir. I think what made it very appropriate to have the birthday reception at the home of the granddaughter of Mrs. Havenner who was guest at my mothers at the time of my birth. I went to my old home which my father and mother had purchased eighty five years ago and showed Leverett and Ida the room in which I was born; we also visited the graves of my dear departed parents.
In about two months after this pleasant visit, the first great sorrow came to our family. We had had many disappointments and losses which were of a financial character.

“These portentous clouds which hang their pall
Athwart life’s mountain tops may melt away
And leave no trace behind; the loss of wealth
Or outward things.
The sun breaks forth, and the familiar summits, as of old,
May gleam out again. Not so the nomic shroud
O’erspread by death! Death! It is like the rush
Of the remorseless avalanche.”

Although we had been married twenty years, we had never known of being bereft of any of our children. The first link was broken in our family circle June 7, 1853, when “Death the insatiate archer,” entered our home and removed from us our dear Oscar. This was so unexpected, as we did not consider him ill until a few hours before his departure. We were so overcome with grief it seemed impossible to bear the separation, but He who said, “I will never leave thee nor forsake thee,” sustained and comforted us in this great loss, of a remarkably obedient, loving and thoughtful son. His last words to us as he kissed us were, “Goodbye, meet me in heaven.” May God grant that we may all so live that Oscar’s dying request will be fulfilled.

“Angels in the home of beauty, where ye dwell,
Guard what we have loved so well!
Crowned with light above,
Where no tender ties are breaking;
In the land of love,
Seraphs are his welcome waking.”

1854 Lydia visited Washington, Frederick and Baltimore, remaining eighteen months. Cousin Margaret Rice’s death occurred while she was in Frederick. In April 1857 another great sorrow came to us in the death of our dear little Mary Emma. She was sick six weeks, being first attacked with Rheumatism, which terminated in the disease of the heart. She was very patient during her illness and talked to me about several pieces of poetry she had learned, would ask me the meaning of many of them, and when I would explain them, she answered “Oh yes, I know now.” She was lovely in life and beautiful in death.

“Peace! She sleeps at last,
The fitful dream of life is ended,
Death is with the past.–
Brightly hath her soul ascended.
Dark the waves, but winged angels waft her o’er,
Vainly we deplore; time will ne’er restore.
Softly now her white feet press the shining shore,
Blessed now forever more.”

Thomas’ marriage to Elizabeth HUGHES of Cleves, this took place March 27, 1860, being the only important event in the few following years, it being the first and only marriage in our family.
One cause of anxiety during the war was our failure to hear from Joseph, whose home had been in Memphis and who remained in the South through the dark days of the Rebellion. In April 1865, after an absence of seven years, he returned to us, making us a visit full of pleasure. That same Spring your Pa was very ill, and being advanced in years, never fully recovered his former great strength and endurance. Then Leverett and Marshall took charge of the business and farm.
On October 10, 1860, we celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of the settlement of Dover, by Father Cahoon and his family by having a family reunion at Rose Hill. This was so delightful to all participating it was decided to have it a yearly occurrence. This plan was carried out for nineteen years, at which time all of the original excepting your Pa, had passed beyond earthly bidding, and his strength would not permit of the excitement attending the meeting. In 1885 we held our last reunion, the second generation taking up the duties laid aside by their fathers and honored the memory of the energy, fortitude and will of those who made it possible to enjoy the homes, founded for their posterity. These meetings were interesting to many friends outside of the family, among whom were Drs. Kirtland and Garlick, Messers. Harris, Root, and Day, who took particular pleasure in them, and added to the interest by the prominent and pleasing part they contributed to the exercises. Dr. Kirtland acted as President and Mr. Harris, Secretary, when they were present. Dr. Kirtland said these reunions were an oasis in the desert to him. Our first reunion was held on the site where the first house was built. The rubbish was removed that had gathered over the old hearth stone, a fire made and water boiled in the same tea kettle which was used by your Grama fifty years previous in preparing the first supper in D.
On the 14 July 1881, we celebrated our golden wedding at Rose Hill, receiving our friends from 4 to 9 P.M. The day was beautiful, all that we could have desired. There were 150 guests present. It was a day never to be forgotten. I often seem to live the day over again. In the morning we exchanged rings, again plighting our love. The rings were engraved with our initials and the date of the anniversary.

“O chain of love! O ring of gold!
O marriage true and tried!
That binds with tenderness untold
The old man and his bride!”

The many letters of congratulations we received from absent friends afforded us much pleasure, and it is still a delight to peruse them, they bring to memory recollections of many loved ones who have gone to that “Bourne from whence no traveler returns.”
Our hearts were more deeply moved than at any other time during the day, when you nine children, kissed us and offered us your loving congratulations; missing the two loved ones who were not with us, but wait to greet us in that better land. The events of this memorable day are so indelibly impressed on your minds, that I do not think it necessary to write more particularly,
We felt some anxiety fearing the excitement of the day might be too fatiguing for your Pa. Though he seemed much exhausted that evening, he rested well, and in a few days appeared as well as usual. The happiness that day brought to him was a buoy that renewed his strength. I think it was one of the happiest days of his life. Mr. Cahoon continued to get a little stronger gradually, keeping the same cheerful spirit, always seeing the bright side of everything.
He had for so many years prophesized contrary to the opinion of nearly everyone that there would be a railroad where the Nickle Plate now is, often saying, “I may not live to see it but there will be a railroad pass through Dover,” and when his prediction came to pass, Leverett and Marshall, carried him in their arms and placed him carefully in the carriage, then drove up to the track, so he might see what he had so often looked for. This pleased him so much. We had planned to have him visit you in Cleveland as soon as the passenger cars were put on the road, and he was very happy in anticipation of the trip and the visit. But alas for our hopes, in a short time he was taken sick and grew weaker. We did not apprehend any danger, the doctor encouraging us in our belief. I was his constant companion. He often said he was so glad I could be with him all the time, frequently he would say he was afraid he did not appreciate the children’s tenderness and gifts to him. He often told me he was willing to depart whenever his Master would say, “Come up higher”. Yet he was not tired of life, this world was very beautiful to him. Once he appeared very drowsy, I said to him you appear to be so sleepy, he replied, “I think sometimes I will go to sleep, and wake to an eternal day.” He continued to grow weaker until half past nine of the evening of September 28, the end came, and while loved ones were kneeling by his bedside, supplicating the Father of all mercies to smooth the way and to walk with my dear husband through the valley and shadow of death, he was taken from me, after having spent fifty-one years of happy wedded life.

“Ah! Tho’ broken be the golden bowl today,
Hence, with tears away, dim not the beauteous day!
Tho’ on earth the silver cord be loosed for aye,
The spirit wakes in endless day.

“All his grief is stilled.
The weary watch, the faint endeavor,
All his hopes fulfilled.
Perfect joy is won forever.”

It is impossible for me to express to you how desolate I felt. I had relied on your Pa for advice in almost every step of my life, ever finding him affectionate and considerate of my happiness. Fifty one years we had spent in happy wedded life and it seemed as though my heart was rent asunder. The grief at this separation had a great tendency to impair my health, which before this time had been remarkably good. After the death of my dearly loved husband, I received every attention and loving kindness from you dear children, which in a great measure assuaged my grief and loneliness, and for which I hope the Lord will reward and bless you.

Margaret Dickson Van Allen Cahoon, “Autobiography of Margaret Dickson Van Allen Cahoon.” The names of the ministers were verified for accurate spelling by the Baltimore-Washington Conference, Commission on Archives and History, United Methodist Church, Lovely Lane Museum, Baltimore, MD.
The autobiography of Margaret Dickson Van Allen Cahoon was transcribed from the original documents for the book Retracing Footsteps: Lakeside Cemetery, Bay Village, Cuyahoga County, Ohio without modifications. Two handwritten copies are in the collection of the Bay Village Historical Society, 2000.FIC.02.029 and 2000.FIC.02.036

Dorsey Pioneer Journal

Pioneering in Ohio

By

Hazel M. Dorsey
Written for Donnie Yeargan
Dec. 3, 1965
With best Christmas Wishes
To Mr. & Mrs. George Drake
Hazel M. Dorsey

Notation:
The history contained in this paper had numerous notations that were added to the original. It is
presumed that they were written by George Drake as this is part of his collection with the Bay
Village Historical Society. He was very knowledgeable about the Aldrich family and was the
great-grandson of Aaron Aldrich. All notations have been included in this transcript. The
original, 2000.FIC.03.012A-AA, is part of the Drake Early Family Papers, Bay Village
Historical Society, Bay Village, OH.
All spelling, grammar and pages are as written in the original document.

INDEX

The Western Reserve Page 1
About Travel 3
About Houses and Furniture 4
About Indians 8
About Food and Drink 12
What to Wear? 15
Earning Money 16
About Illness 16
Schools 17
About Churches 20
Wild Animals 21
The Civil War 23
Conclusion 24
Read More

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We will put our magic time-machine into action and take a look backward at life as it was lived
by your ancestors who helped to settle the state of Ohio about one hundred and fifty years ago.
First we will learn a little about the history of the land so that we can understand just how and
why these people chose to settle in this particular place.
-THE WESTERN RESERVE-

In 1786 the state of Connecticut claimed land which is now the upper half of Ohio, for one
hundred and twenty miles west from the western boundary of Pennsylvania. Part of this tract was
given by the state to settlers who had their Connecticut homes destroyed in the American
Revolution. These lands became known as “sufferers lands” and later as “fire lands” because
most of the losses were the result of burning by the British, brought about by the traitor, Benedict
Arnold. A price was placed on this new land and each sufferer received land proportionate to his
loss.
The rest of the land was sold by the state to a group of men who formed a company known as
the Connecticut Land Company and this area was called the Western Reserve.
In 1785 the government made a treaty with the Indians which said that the white man would
have all lands east of the Cuyahoga River. The Indians kept the treaty for a while but soon broke
it and finally in 1794 General Wayne, (Greenville Treaty July of 1795) with an army of thirty-
five hundred men, fought the Indians on the Maumee and killed nearly every chief. These “North
Western” Indians, as they were then called, included the Wyandot, Delaware, Chippewa, and Sac
Nations. After this battle another treaty was signed and most of the Indians kept this agreement.
In 1796 the Connecticut Land Company sent a party of
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fifty-two men to the Western Reserve to survey it into townships. The party consisted of one
land agent, one boatman, six surveyors, one doctor, and the rest were “chainmen and axemen.”
At least one man took along his wife and child.
They arrived at the eastern boundary of the Reserve on July Fourth, so named the place Fort
Independence. A big celebration was held and toasts were drunk by the party as follows:
“1. To —- The president of the United States
2. The State of Connecticut
3. The Connecticut Land Company
4. May the Port of Independence and the fifty sons and daughters who have entered it this day
be successful and prosperous.
5. May these sons and daughters multiply in sixteen years sixteen times fifty. May every
person have his bowsprit trimmed and ready to enter every port that opens.”
These people must have been New Englanders who were familiar with the sea.

This party surveyed the Reserve from this point west for fifty-six miles. The area was divided
into townships, each five miles square, with an average of one hundred lots to a township. The
Indians still had possession of lands west of the Cuyahoga and the portage between it and the
Tuscarawas. In 1805 the Treaty of Fort Industry was signed and the rest of the land was
surveyed.
The Land Company tried to sell to actual settlers and not to people who just wanted to buy up
land to make money. Adventurous New Englanders were anxious to settle in this forested
country with its storehouse of natural resources. Aside from the purchase price of the property,
very little money but a great deal of hard work was all that
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was needed.
Your four-times-great grandparents, Aaron and Elizabeth Aldrich, moved to the Western
Reserve in 1816 and settled in the township of Dover (across from Lakewood Gold Course on
the W. Side of Bradley Rd.) on the shores of Lake Erie. (This was when he returned from NY in
1929.)
Aaron was a descendant of Roger Williams who founded Providence, Rhode Island. Their
home was in Rhode Island and they were married in 1814. It took them six weeks to make the
trip to the site of their new home. When they passed through the area which is now Cleveland,
there were just three dwellings there.

-ABOUT TRAVEL-

Most of the people came from New England by covered wagon, pulled by horses or oxen.
Trails through the woods were usually muddy or hard to follow. Many people traveled to
Buffalo, New York, then drove along the shore of Lake Erie to the site of their future homes.
Sometimes in the winter they built a sled along the way, drove the wagon up on the sled, and
drove that way as long as the snow lasted. Some people made the trip in the very coldest weather
so they could drive their teams on the frozen surface of the lake.
There were many accidents along the way but one family had an unusually sad experience.
They were driving along the lake shore during a storm. They had to drive out in the water a way
to get around some high rocks when one wheel of the wagon caught in a seam in the rock. The
father was unable to free it so went for help at a tavern he knew to be four miles away. When the
rescue party arrived back at the wagon they found it broken up, the team of horses was drowned
and the little daughter who had stayed with the wagon also was drowned. The little girl

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was buried in the tavern yard and the family stayed there until friends who had gone on ahead,
came back looking for them.
Taverns furnished a place for people to sleep, cook their meals, and furnished food and shelter
for the horses and any other stock that was being herded along.

Many wagons were so heavily loaded that everyone walked but the driver. One lady carried her
seven-month-old baby the last fifty miles after their wagon broke down.
Some single men just walked the whole way, packing what they could on their backs.
After arriving on the Reserve, the very early settlers usually had to clear a road to their own
land. These first roads were crude and rough. Later on, some roads were built which were called
railroads but they had nothing to do with trains. They were made by laying split rails (wood used
for fences) and small trees side by side in the manner of laying railroad ties. These were also
sometimes called corduroy roads.
One man built the road to his farm by just cutting off the tree stumps even with the ground. It
was said that he had no trouble keeping his family at home. They would rather stay at home than
ride over the rough road in the wagon.
A few of the good roads were planked and these remained good for many years.

ABOUT HOUSES AND FURNITURE-

Building a log cabin was called “rolling up” a cabin. The only information we have about
Aaron and Elizabeth’s cabin is that they did build one in Dover close to the shore of Lake Erie, in
the year 1817. (They came later (1824) to the shore of Lake Erie) (Not true. It was on Lot 41
opposite Lakewood Country Club but on the south side of Porter Creek. See deed reference to
Lot #41)
Families had different ways of “making do” until their cabin was built. If there were neighbors,
they were sometimes invited to share living quarters. One family had thirty persons living in one
small cabin for a short time.

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Most people seemed willing to share what they had and seemed much concerned about the
welfare of others living near them.
Sometimes a shelter of puncheons (split logs roughly smoothed) was set across stakes driven in
the ground. This would serve for two or three months. One family lived in the shelter of their
tipped-up wagon box while their cabin was built.
After the log walls were put up, it was roofed with shakes, (flat pieces of wood) and an
opening cut for a door. Then the family moved in and finished the rest as they found time,
depending upon the time of year.
This finishing consisted of laying a puncheon floor, building a chimney at one end, usually of
sticks plastered with clay, and a large fireplace with hearth and back but without jambs or
mantel. A door was added when someone could get to a mill to have a large board cut.
Sometimes a door was made from the wagon box.
The cracks between the logs were chinked with wood inside and clay outside. Later on glass
might be obtained for a window, but at first oiled paper or skins were used.
Furniture was simple. The bedstead was made of round poles, shaved or peeled. The posts at
the head rose above the bed and were joined by a wooden bar. Strips of elm bark were used
instead of the usual cord. It was laced from side to side to form a base for the mattress or bed

tick. Some people brought bed ticks with them, and then filled them with dry leaves or straw.
Sometimes the cover of the wagon was made into a tick. Trundle beds were made in the same
way only on a smaller scale. These were the beds for children. The trundle bed was stored under
the large bed during the day.
A table was usually made from the cover of a box that
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goods had been brought in from the east. The box itself served as a cupboard for food after a
shelf had been added to it. An open shelf held crockery and tinware and stools served as chairs.
Sometimes, later on, backs were added to the stools.
We have a hand-hewn maple rocking chair which belonged to Elizabeth, although she probably
didn’t have it when they lived in the log cabin.
The one thing we do have that dates from this time is the wooden baby cradle. It was made by
Nathan Bassett of Dover for the use of his babies. Martha, one of his daughters, was born in
1818 in Dover so we know it must have been made at that time or before.
When Martha Bassett was twenty-three years old she married William Aldrich, one of Aaron
and Elizabeth’s sons, and when their third child, Lucy, was born in an old house in 1841,
Martha’s parents gave them the cradle. The cradle was kept busy. They had ten children, and
they all used the cradle while they were babies, although their youngest, Clara, (my
Grandmother) only weighed two and one-half pounds at birth and they said she got lost in the
cradle so they kept her in a shoe box at first but she soon grew enough so she slept in the cradle.
When Clara, the 10th child of William, the 2nd Son of Adron married, her parents gave her the
cradle so that is how it happens that all of the babies of our family, including you and your
brothers and sister, have at least layed in the cradle for a time so that we can say that all of our
family since Martha’s time, have been rocked in it.
If you will look at the rockers on it, you will see that there are two sets. One set became so
badly worn that someone made a new set and put them on without taking the old ones off.
To get back to the log cabin (in Dover Twp. Lot 41) — sometimes a large quilt was hung
around the bed to give privacy but usually it was not kept there for long. Every item was needed
for warmth

-7-

during the winter.
Candles were precious and only used when company came. Light from the fireplace was
usually the only light. If more was needed, some animal fat left from cooking was put in a dish
and a strip of rag soaked in it, and the end of the rag lit and used as a wick.
After the land was cleared and the farming well started, many people built nice frame homes
and moved out of the log cabins.
Clearing land and making a home in the forest proved too great a physical strain for Aaron and
he became disabled from over-work.

They and their growing family left the land temporarily and traveled to Otsego County, New
York, where he took charge of a cotton factory at a salary of eight hundred dollars a year with
house rent and firewood furnished. (See contract in ____ papers). Later he accepted a job in
Watertown, New York, at increased wages, for putting another cotton factory into operation at
that place. By 1829 the family felt they had the means to find the kind of home they desired on
their Dover property so they returned there and were successful in their efforts this time. (Bought
140 acres in Bay Village where old house is 1933)
They built a fine, large home on the shore of the lake the same year they returned from New
York, in 1829. The house is still there and is still a beautiful home. It is owned and has been
restored by our cousin, George Drake and his wife Marguerite. George is a great-grandson of
Aaron and Elizabeth.
When Aaron built, he must have built well, because the original front steps, made of walnut,
are still in use. When a man who was building a new home got the frame ready to be raised, it
was customary to notify the neighbors that there was to be a house raising. Once in a while, a
person refused to serve alcoholic drinks at their house
-8-

raising and this was not customary. One man compromised and served cider. Three young men
were sent to get the barrel of cider. On the way back they had to pass a distillery, so they stopped
and drained two gallons of cider out of the barrel and replaced it with two gallons of whiskey. By
the time the barrel was rolled down the rough road to the “raising”, it was well mixed and no one
could understand why so many men developed a liking for plain old cider that day.
It was difficult to even get a church built without serving some alcoholic beverage at the
raising.
:

-ABOUT INDIANS-

(See letter in ____ file coaxing Elizabeth to tell more about the Indians.)
An early Elyria settler of 1817 tells of Wyandottes and Senecas coming up from Sandusky to
hunt and fish. They rode horses single file and had their squaws and papooses with them. They
camped in the pines and bought whiskey from the nearby distillery. Some of the names were
“Goodhunt, Red Jacket, and Betwixt-the logs.” They gave the settlers no trouble. One old man
seemed very old but active and the Indians said he had seen one hundred and forty-five summers.
They traded some with the white settlers, mostly venison for bread and pork. One day a lady
was alone in her cabin and looked up to see an Indian standing in the door waving a knife, and
pointing at a bake kettle on the fire. She made him understand that he could have some bread as
soon as it was done, so he waited. When she turned out the hot loaf, he cut off a large piece and
left just as quietly as he had come.
There were some scattered dwellings along the south shore of Lake Erie during the war of 1812.
After Hull’s surrender of Detroit, these people were quite alarmed. Most Indian tribes to the west
had become allies of the

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British and the murder of settler’s families were common. Many people of this area traveled
through the woods, driving their livestock, to a log fort in Columbia. Everyone returned to their
homes after Perry’s capture of the British fleet on Lake Erie.
One morning about this time, a man saw his neighbor climbing a brush fence on his property
and instead of calling a greeting he let out an Indian was whoop. Without even looking to see
who it was, the man took off for the settlement yelling “Indians” as he ran. Everyone dropped
what they were doing and started to run for the blockhouse. One lady gathered her children and
an old gun that could not possibly have fired a shot and ran. Another lady picked up a kettle of
beans that she had cooking over the fire and completely forgot about her baby who was asleep in
a cradle in the same room. Anyway, everyone was relieved when they finally found it was all a
mistake.
The same Indians used to come back year after year to make maple sugar. They made their sap
troughs from bark peeled from medium-sized trees and taken off in pieces about two feet long,
half cylinders in shape. The ends were turned up and tied with thongs, the rough outer bark
having been removed. A large container was made in the same way, only from a huge tree, to
collect the sap from the smaller troughs. The sap was then boiled down in large kettles over a fire
and the result was maple sugar.
Some years later, just before the holidays, many Indians used to go to Sandusky to Trading
Posts where they traded furs to the white traders for blankets, trinkets, and winter supplies. In the
spring they returned to the Black River country (near Elyria) to hunt and make their maple sugar.
The merchants of Sandusky furnished them with certificates that said, “This is to certify that the
bearer is of the Seneca tribe which is an entirely peace-
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ful tribe, and desires that he be permitted to hunt on the lands unmolested, and in no case give
him whiskey.” The Indians were very proud of these certificates and anxious to show them.
Among the last Indians seen in the area was one named Seneca John. He and some friends had
been camping and hunting for some time in the vicinity of Penfield. Finally, some of the settlers
decided it was time for the Indians to leave. Three white men and a colored man were appointed
to tell the Indians to move on. Seneca John listened very quietly to what they had to say, then
answered, “Ugh! Damn! Four white men, one of ’em nigger, tell Indian to no more hunt and fish
on Black River. Ugh! Damn!” The “white” men left and within a few days, so did the Indians.

” A TRUE INDIAN STORY OF 1755″

We have a first-hand account of one young man’s experiences with the Indians which seems
worth repeating. The eighteen-year-old was James Smith, later a Colonel in the American
Revolution. This is his story:
He and another man were riding horseback on a forest trail near Bedford, Pennsylvania.
Suddenly three Indians stepped from behind some bushes. They fired at the men, killing the
companion and taking young James a prisoner when his horse became frightened and threw him.
They took him to Fort Duquesne (Pittsburgh) which was then held by the French and Indians.

Painted Indians in breechclouts formed two long lines and the prisoner was forced to “run the
gauntlet.” He was hit with sticks and flogged all the way until he finally fell, then when he tried
to rise, sand was thrown in his eyes. Then he lost consciousness. When he came to, they took
him to the Fort where a French doctor dressed his wounds. He asked an old Delaware Indian who
spoke some English if he had done anything to offend them and he said “No, it is the custom,
like saying howdy-do.’ “.
He was then taken to an Indian town in Ohio. He had no idea for what reason. First, all his hair
was pulled out except a small square on the top of his head. His hair was evidently long as he
said they bound one lock with a beaded garter, and the other they plaited at full length and stuck

-11-

it full of silver brooches.
They pierced his nose and ears and fastened in jewels. He had to remove his clothing and put
on a breechclout, then he was painted in different colors. A belt of wampum was put around his
neck and silver bands were put around his wrists and right arm. At this time the chief called all
the people of the village together at the edge of the river.
By now, James was sure he was going to be killed. He was given to three young squaws who
led him into the river. When they tried to put him under the water, he fought back and everyone
laughed and seemed to be enjoying the show. Finally one of the squaws said “No hurt you” so he
allowed them to put him under. They let him up, then led him to a council house where he was
given new clothes consisting of a ruffled shirt, beaded leggings, moccasins, and a “tinsel-laced
cappo”. He was then seated and many Indians, dressed in their best clothes, came by to see him.
He was told that all white blood had been washed from his veins and he was now one of them.
Then there was a big feast.
He continued to live with the Indians and that fall he went south with a hunting party to a
Buffalo Lick where they killed some buffalo and made some salt. On this hunt, Smith got lost in
the woods but was found by the other hunters the next day. For this offense, his rifle was taken
away and he was forced to hunt with a bow and arrow for the next two years. A chief nicknamed
“Pluggy” came in one day with scalps, prisoners, and an English Bible which he gave to James.
Sometime in October he and his adopted brother, Tontileaugo, hiked to Lake Erie. James’ pack
consisted of a pouch holding his Bible, a little dried venison, and a blanket. Tontileaugo had a
rifle and shot deer, raccoon, or bear nearly every day. They ate what meat they needed, leaving
all the rest, but they took along the skins and dried them by their fire at night. They followed the
Black River most of the way, then struck off for Lake Erie. Here they found a large camp of
Wyandottes, where they stayed for some time.
Later they moved with a few of these people up the river to a great falls, which would be on the
present site of Elyria. They buried their canoe and by sometime in December had built a winter
cabin.
Food became scarce and the men left to hunt for game.
-12-

James was considered a boy, so he stayed with the squaws and children and hunted red haws
and hickory nuts. Within two days the men had killed two wild turkey, a deer and three bear.
Everyone went out to help bring in the meat.
During the winter, a war party of four men left the others and returned in the spring with two
scalps and four horses. Sometimes the people in camp almost starved before meat could be
found.
In the spring they dug up the canoe and made another one to carry all the animal pelts, and
went back to Lake Erie to join another group of Wyandottes on the site which is now Sandusky.
Late the next fall, James and his brother joined a hunting party on the Cuyahoga River. In the
spring of 1757, they went to Detroit and sold their furs to French traders. In the spring of 1759
they went to Montreal and there James was “exchanged” and allowed to return to his home. After
the Revolution, he became an Assemblyman from Bourbon County, Kentucky.

-ABOUT FOOD AND DRINK-

In 1817 ordinary rations consisted of pork, flour and when the Indians came to trade, they
sometimes brought fresh fish along with the venison.
One account of a July Fourth celebration in 1827 tells about a big dinner served at someone’s
farm. The food was venison, wild turkey, wild grape puddings, iron bark coffee and Ohio
whiskey. The writer mentioned that the whiskey was probably necessary to take away the taste of
the coffee.
Some people had led or driven their cows from New England so they had a milk supply. The
cows grazed in the forests and fed mostly on wild leeks which were plentiful so the milk had a
distinct garlic flavor. It was many years before cows became plentiful enough so that some could
be butchered for meat.
Maple sugar was made by most families, although rock
-13-

maple trees were not plentiful and few families could make enough to last the full year. Honey
and pumpkin molasses were used for sweetening tea and ginger bread after the supply of maple
sugar ran out. Food became more plentiful as land was cleared and crops planted.
For serving, potatoes were usually mashed and seasoned, meat cut in bite size pieces, and all
placed in one large dish in the center of the table. There was usually a knife and fork at each
place and one drinking cup at each end of the table.
When supper was bread and milk, which it often was, a single bowl and spoon did duty for the
entire family, going down from the oldest to the youngest. Usually a tin basin or pewter porriger
went around among the younger children. Often as they grew older they preferred to wait, for the
sake of using the crockery ware.
This sounds like life in the log cabins was quite primative, but we know that at least some
families brought items from New England which went with a more cultured way of life. For
instance, we have two sterling silver spoons, one large serving spoon and one teaspoon, which

are engraved with Elizabeth’s maiden name, “Elizabeth Winsor.” So we know she must have had
them when she married and took them to Ohio with her.
Finding honey in the forest was quite an art. The method described by one successful bee tree
hunter is as follows: He placed some honey comb on a hot stone so as to raise an odor and
nearby placed another piece of comb filled with honey. The bees were attracted by the odor and
when they had gorged themselves on the honey, they would make a “bee-line” for their tree. The
hunter followed this line and marked it by two or more trees in range. Then he took another
place, not on the line and went through the same operation again. Those two lines would
converge on

-14-

the bee tree and could be followed out by a pocket compass. When he found the tree he marked it
with his initials and could return and cut it down at the proper time, that is after the bees had
stored their winter supply of honey.
Tea was considered a necessity and one pound lasted most families for one year. The tea which
was imported to New England at that time was of a much higher grade than we buy now. One
teaspoon full made a large pot, enough to serve six ladies for an afternoon tea, then the same pot
was refilled with hot water and was served to the men when they came in from the fields or
forest that evening. Coffee as we know it was not used then.
Whiskey was considered one of the necessities of life and distilleries were plentiful. It was
even sometimes used as money. Notes were made payable in whiskey on the condition the corn
crop was good or in hickory nuts if the corn crop was poor. One gallon of whiskey was worth
from twenty to twenty-five cents.
It is mentioned that when friends came to call, the bottle of “tanzy bitters” was sometimes
brought out and served. Bitters were an alcoholic drink flavored with herbs and was supposed to
aid digestion. In later years, cider became a common and much used drink.
It was the custom for taverns to leave the whiskey jug out so the customers could help
themselves as they pleased. One time a doctor stopped at one of these taverns overnight and
when he was given his bill the next morning, a charge for whiskey was included. The doctor
argued that he didn’t drink any whiskey and should not have to pay for it. The innkeeper told him
that it was there to drink if he had wanted it and insisted he pay for it. The next time the doctor
stopped there, when it came time to pay his bill, the doctor gave the innkeeper a bill for
medicine. The man said he didn’t use any medicine. The doctor told

-15-

him it was there in his bag if he had needed it. After that the doctor wasn’t charged for whiskey
he did not drink.

-WHAT TO WEAR?-

As soon as flax could be raised, every garment and article of household need, from towels to
flour sacks, were manufactured by pioneer women. Many clothes wore thin and feet went bare
before these people could raise enough among the tree stumps and build strong fences to protect
their sheep from the wolves. Every woman was a spinner, but there were only a few weavers so
each family had to wait their turn to have their cloth woven. Linen cloth, made from the flax was
used to make summer clothing and wool was used for the winter wear.

William Aldrich, son of Aaron IV, used to tell his children about wearing homespun garments
when he was a child, and while growing up. He said they wore tow or linen for summer and what
he called “fuller cloth” for winter.
Sometimes a boy went to school with what was left of his summer pants drawn on over the
remnants of last winter’s outfit. This added warmth as well as covering as most boys and men
had no underwear or overcoats.
Shoes had to be made by hand and shoemakers were scarce. They were usually busy clearing
their own land, so they only worked at their trade in the evenings and on rainy days. Often the
snow came before the shoes did. Shoes were made from the skins of hog, dog, deer or wolf.
Animal skins were also used for making winter hats and caps. Summer hats were made from
hand braided straw.
Some people tried making trousers from home cured deer hide but it was not successful.
After they were worn in wet weather, putting them on the next morning, especially if it

-16-

were cold, was like getting into cast iron. However these skins were used to face the outside of
worn cloth garments to give extra long wear.

-EARNING MONEY-

As we have already seen, it was not necessary for these earliest settlers to earn very much
money because there was no place to spend it.
About the only thing they had at first that was at all salable was ashes. These could be
converted into what they called “black salts” and were used in the making of soap. As they
cleared their land, the trees were piled into big heaps and burned to ashes, which were saved and
eventually sold. In some families, this money, along with some that could be earned by working
on roads, was what was used for paying property taxes and poll taxes.
Aaron’s sons helped him with clearing the forest, building roads, tearing down the old log
cabin and building the new house and other buildings on the home place.
It was the custom for a boy to work for his father until he became twenty-one years old. This is
what William did. Then, he continued to work for his father for another year at wages of eleven
dollars a month. In 1840, when he was twenty-three years old, he and Martha were married. He
ran his father’s farm for another year for one-third of the profits, and by this time he was able to
make a down payment on a farm of his own. In 1842, Nathan Bassett, Martha’s father, was struck
by lightning and killed, so William and Martha bought out the other heirs and moved to the one
hundred and sixty acre homestead. That was the home where my grandmother Clara, was born
and raised. It, also, was in Dover, just a short distance from Williams old home on the shore of
the Lake.
( I am unable to confirm the handwritten note in the margin of this page. It may read – I
understand (______ Everest, historian) that Aaron + Elizabeth first built a log cabin on the N.
Side of Lake Rd. Opposite the present Aldrich Homestead)
-ABOUT ILLNESSES-

Home remedies were used when there was illness. If there
-17-

were any doctors, they were few and far between in these early years. Most families brought a
medicine bag with them from New England. These bags contained glauber salts, calomel and
jalap, rhubarb and senna, and sometimes such other herbs as wormwood and thoroughwort.
These medicines usually got children safely through chicken pox, measles and whooping cough.
Ague was fairly common and it sometimes killed or the patient finally just wore it out.
Many people died from an ailment they called bilious fever. There was another illness called
milk fever because it supposedly came from drinking the milk of a cow which had eaten some
poisonous herb. There were a few cases where four or five members of one family died of this
within one month. In some cases, the illness was thought to originate in certain locations. One
man buried three different wives in succession from this same illness so his farm was abandoned
for many years.
When a death occurred, sometimes there was no one to conduct the funeral except the family.
On one occasion, a small child died and the father was going to have to carry it in his arms to the
burial place. A man happened by on horse back and offered to carry the little bundle. They said
the man whistled “Yankee Doodle” all the way to the burial place. No one knew why. Perhaps he
was frightened and did it to keep up his courage.

-SCHOOLS-

The first school in Lorain county was opened in 1819 in a little log house in Elyria township.
At that time, the wages paid to teachers was sixteen dollars a month for a man teacher and three
dollars a month for a lady. One little lady, in 1825, had fifty pupils ranging in age from five to
twenty. Most children were considered to have completed a
-18-

“common school” education by the time they finished the sixth grade or reached the age of
twelve years. Any education beyond this was up to the individual.
William Aldrich attended school until he was twelve years old, then went to school just in the
Winter time for the next three years. As far as we know that was the extent of his formal
schooling. He went on to become a successful farmer, built a large slaughter house on his farm,
and for twenty-five years did a large business supplying Cleveland meat markets. Besides this,
he owned three scows, which carried on a coast-wise trade on Lake Erie. In 1870, he started the
breeding of Herford cattle which had not been very successful in this country up until that time.

By 1878, he was recognized as one of the two leading Herford breeders in the United States. The
other leading breeder was a man in Illinois who had got his start from William’s herd.
One young man who became a prominent lawyer, went to district schools just in the summer
until he was eight years old, then in the winter only, until he was sixteen. (Older boys had to
work during the good farming weather.) He then worked in a country store for four years, went
to Connecticut and studied law for one year, studied under a judge in Ohio for one year, then was
admitted to the bar.
The first high school class graduated in Lorain county in 1863.
Subjects taught in the common or grade schools in 1859 were reading, writing, spelling,
arithmetic, geography, grammar, composition, drawing, physiology, United States history,
declamation (public speaking) and morals. We need to put this last subject back in our schools
today.) Very little education was needed to become a teacher. One boy attended school summer
and winter until he was ten years old, then in winter only until he was fifteen. At sixteen he
passed a teachers examination and taught for sev-
-19-

eral years. He kept on studying in his spare time by firelight and candlelight and eventually
became a doctor.
Two gentlemen, who were friends, decided in 1832 to start a colony of Christian families, with
the project in mind of establishing a Christian college where students might work to earn at least
a part of their expenses. Oberlin college was the outgrowth of this idea. The State Legislature
gave them a charter with university privileges in 1834.
Much of the first clearing of land and building was done by the students. Neither tea nor coffee
was served in the dining hall. The charge for room and board was seventy-five cents a week for a
vegetable diet or one dollar a week for the addition of meat twice a day.
It was estimated that the entire expense for a student, aside from clothing, for the forty weeks of
the school year would range from fifty-eight to eighty-nine dollars. All of this could be earned by
four hours of labor a day which was required of each student. They were paid from four to
twelve cents an hour.
Most people at Oberlin opposed slavery but believed that free colored people and slaves, as
fast as they were freed, should be sent to Africa. But the founders of Oberlin believed that their
school should accept anyone who wanted an education, regardless of color. This was a new idea
and found some trouble in being accepted but was finally voted on by the trustees in 1835 and
passed by one vote.
This acceptance of colored students at once made the college some devoted friends and also
some bitter enemies.
If the dates were changed, their problems of integration could be some of the news items in our
papers today. The number of colored students was always small but they were always welcomed
and treated with respect.
We will mention the family of one colored girl who graduated from Oberlin in later years.
They moved to

-20-

Wellington township in 1861. Her father was born to free parents in Virginia and the family was
allowed to get some schooling, then they moved to Springfield, Illinois. R.J. Robinson, the girl’s
father, was then seventeen years old. He became a barber in Springfield and some of his
customers were Edward Baker, Stephen A. Douglas and Abraham Lincoln. When he married,
their’s was the first colored marriage west of the Illinois river. Their two sons fought in the Civil
War and one was killed during the fighting.

-ABOUT CHURCHES-

As soon as a few families were living in one area, someone always started holding Sunday
church services in one of the homes. Sometimes the service was just a neighbor or so getting
together to sing a few hymns and say a prayer. As the villages grew, the services were then held
in the school houses, then later the building of the churches was started.
These people must have observed the sabbath closely, as Sunday was known as the only day
the ring of the axe was not heard through the forest.
William used to tell his children about the many times, when he was a boy, that he used to
hitch up the yoke of oxen to the lumber wagon and drive the wagon filled with family and
neighbors to the old town house in Dover where all denominations met and worshipped together.
Whenever they had a real preacher, he was usually a circuit rider. It was many years before
churches were well enough established to hire regular pastors.
One traveling preacher was arrested for horse stealing. The judge, not wanting to sentence a
preacher, gave him an opportunity to escape and he did. The judge then traveled on to the next
village and that night attended a church meeting, and there was the horse-stealing preacher
giving a sermon on “keeping one’s self unspotted by the world.” After the sermon, the
congregation were given an

-21-

opportunity to witness. When the judge got up to speak the preacher suddenly started on his
travels again.
One of the townships was fortunate to have a preacher settling in the area. He held services in
one of the homes every Sunday. The trouble was that he only had one suit of clothes. He was
clearing his own land and by the time Sunday came around, his suit was in bad shape, so the
ladies of the area tried to see to it that his suit was put in fair shape for the Sunday services. It
was said that by the time he was able to make a trip back to civilization and buy some new
clothes, that the suit had more patches of different materials than there was original suit.

-WILD ANIMALS-

Wild boars or “shack hogs” as the settlers called them, were the most dangerous animals. They
often attacked unexpectedly and their tusks were long and sharp. They were not used for food as
their meat was course and spongy.

Wolves were the most fearsome as they would follow a person closely, yapping and howling
but never quite making an attack. They just frightened people to death. They seemed to delight in
circling a lonely cabin in the middle of the night and howling as loud as possible. It took high,
strong fences to protect sheep and hogs from them.
One man had a narrow escape from a bear. His dog started to fight with a bear cub and when
the mother bear came to the rescue, she went after the man instead of the dog. He managed to
shoot her just before she reached him. By then the cub seemed to be ready to quit the fight with
the dog and was happy to take off for the woods.
One lady, with only a broom for a weapon, rescued her pig from the jaws of a bear.
There were also deer, opossums, porcupine, turkey, raccoon and wildcats, along with many of
the smaller animals,

-22-

but as the forests disappeared, so did the game, along with the Indians.
Many people at first became lost in the woods. Finally, the men discovered that if they would
follow a water course that they always eventually came to the home of a settler.
One time two ladies heard that a newlywed couple had moved to their neighborhood so they
decided to call on the new bride. They stayed longer than they had intended and became lost on
the way home. They spent that cold November night in the woods on top of a fallen log. When
the sun came up, they got their bearings and found the way home.
Sometimes when a woman became lost in the woods, she just climbed up on a stump or fallen
log and stayed until someone found her. Many people carried a horn of some kind to blow as a
signal for help. Whenever a child became lost, everyone left whatever he was doing and joined
the search. The following event happened in the area and it is said to be included in one of the
McGuffey’s series of readers.
“In the summer of 1821, Peter Miller, a lad of seventeen, had been laboring near the center of
Sheffield. Saturday afternoon he started to go home to his father’s on the lake shore in Avon. It
was five miles through the wilderness, and much of the way his path was near a large swamp
infested with bears. When about one-third of the way through, he saw a bear and two cubs. He
shouted to scare them away, but bruin, fearing her cubs would be disturbed, showed fight, and
came towards him. In early pioneer times it was said that a bear could not climb a small tree; and
in an instant young Miller had selected a small, smooth elm, and began to climb, but to his
surprise and consternation he saw the bear following him up the tree. He climbed as far

-23-

as he thought prudent to go, and when she got near enough, he began to kick her on the head.
She grappled his foot, then let go her hold on the tree, and fell to the ground, lacerating his foot
terribly with her teeth. She immediately started up the tree again. Miller could only watch her
progress, vainly endeavoring to frighten her back. she arrived within his reach, he used the other
foot, and met with the same success. The bear, determined not to lose her prey, ascended the
third time. The boy, frightened and exhausted, lost his hold, and both tumbled to the ground to-
gether. The bear, evidently alarmed at being so closely pursued from the tree, jumped a few
paces, and turned to look at her intended victim. The boy ran for his life, casting anxious glances

over his shoulder at his pursuer. She, how- ever, gave up the chase. Young Miller arrived at the
settlement in a sorry plight, bareheaded; his shoes gone, and his feet mangled in a shocking
manner. The neighbors rallied and searched for the bear, but without success.”

-THE CIVIL WAR-

After the first hard years of getting started were over, the towns and cities grew into being,
farms prospered, and many fine homes were built, both in the cities and on the farms. Before
long every family had a frame house and the log cabins were a thing of the past.
This is how things were when the Civil War started. Volunteers from this area formed the
Seventh Regiment of Ohio in April, 1861, and their camp was near Cleveland. They trained until
June, then started for a battle line in West Virginia. By the time they reached rebel territory, they
had left most of their baggage scattered on camp grounds along the way, so as to lighten their
loads. They left blankets, dress uniforms, underwear, books and anything they felt they

-24-

might do without. In their first battle, they lost one hundred and twenty, killed, wounded or taken
prisoner. Eighteen hundred men served in this regiment and after Antietam, in July of 1864, two
hundred and forty men were mustered out. Another regiment from this area, the forty-first, ran
short of supplies while fighting near Knoxville, Tennessee. They made a long walk over frozen
ground with about two-thirds of the men barefoot. Some of the men wrapped their feet in sheep
skins and cow hides until they were able to reach supplies at Clinch Mountain.
One odd incident is told about a little bird who, for a few days, adopted a gunner as his friend.
The man was named Seth Bowers and he was with the Fifteenth Ohio Independent Battery. The
little bird liked to perch on his shoulder and watch the loading of the gun. When the gun was
fired, the bird hid his head in Seth’s hair, then would come out again to watch the reloading.
They became very close friends.
By the end of the war, there were many widows and orphans who were in real need. Friends
and neighbors helped when and where they could, but many children were left to just wonder
around the countryside, getting a little work and food where they could. It was at this time that a
kind-hearted man saw the need, raised the money and started the first orphan home in the county.
There is no information available at this time about who in the Aldrich family fought in the
Civil War or how the war effected the family. It is hoped that something can be found at a later
date, because it stands to reason that they must have been involved.
-CONCLUSION-

These people did the job of clearing the land so well that cutting down trees became an
obsession with them and in later years trees had to be planted along their city streets,

-25-

and in their yards.
We have a picture of the Aaron Aldrich home which was taken about 1885 in which all of the
trees and shrubs are small and look as if they had recently been planted.

Perhaps you may wish that you too might become a pioneer. There may be no wild, new lands
to conquer, but there is no limit to the pioneering that can be done in the world of ideas and that
too, can be an exciting adventure.
So–happy pioneering!
Note to Donnie:
We hope that sometime you and others of our family, may be able to visit the old Aldrich home.
I am sure that our cousins, George and Marguerite Drake, would be happy to hear from you and
answer any questions which you might have regarding the home and it’s history.
The address is:
30663 Lake Road, Bay Village, Ohio 44140
(The name of “Dover” was changed to Bay Village.)


Emeline "Emma" Hackett Cahoon squared

Frame #01: Emeline “Emma” Hackett Cahoon

b. 1808
d. 1876, Elyria, Ohio
Emeline “Emma” Hackett Cahoon was born in 1808. She married Benjamin Cahoon on December 1, 1835. They had at least eight children together. Their daughters can be seen in a group portrait at Rose Hill in frames #8 and #22. She was described by Ida Cahoon, in her book History of the Cahoon Family, as “…a most excellent wife and model mother.” Emma lived to be 68 years old and is buried in Ridgelawn Cemetery, Elyria, Ohio.

Joel Butler Cahoon squared

Frame #02: Joel Butler Cahoon

Joel Butler Cahoon, along with his family, were the first settlers of Bay Village. He sat for a few different portraits over the years. This portrait was painted in his old age, after he had let his beard grow long. To read more about Joel and view a portrait of him as a young man, go to frame #5.

Benjamin Cahoon squared

Frame #03: Benjamin Reynolds Cahoon

b. 14 July 1805, Montgomery County, New York
d. 29 Sept. 1872, Elyria, Ohio
Benjamin Reynolds Cahoon was the eighth child of Joseph and Lydia Cahoon and came with the family to Dover in 1810. Benjamin worked as a stone cutter in Cincinnati and Elyria. He married Emeline Hackett on December 1, 1835. They had at least eight children together. Benjamin and Emma’s daughters can be seen in a group portrait at Rose Hill in frames #8 and #22.
According to Ida Cahoon, in her book History of the Cahoon Family, “…Uncle Benjamin was very fond of flowers, fruits and all the beautiful objects he could have about him and was excellent company among his many friends.” Benjamin passed away at the age of 67. He is buried in Ridgelawn Cemetery, Elyria, Ohio.

Abigail Cahoon Johnson

Frame #04: Abigail Cahoon Johnson

b. 6 May 1796, Salisbury, Herkimer, New York d. 3 May 1869, Dover Township, Ohio
Abigail was the daughter of Joseph and Lydia Cahoon. She came to Dover with her parents when she was twelve years old. She married Leverett H. Johnson in July of 1814, which was the first marriage in Dover. The couple had nine children.

Joel Butler Cahoon young squared

Frame #05: Joel Butler Cahoon

b. 27 Aug. 1793, Salisbury, New York
d. 28 Sept. 1882, Rose Hill, Dover Township, Ohio
Joel Butler Cahoon was the third son of Joseph and Lydia Cahoon. He moved to Dover with his parents and siblings in 1810. Joel and his brother Daniel started a contracting business building public works such as canals, aqueducts, viaducts, and railroads in Ohio, Indiana, and Maryland.
While in Maryland he married Margaret Van Allen Dickson on July 14, 1831. They would move into Rose Hill in 1842. In 1881, they celebrated their golden anniversary. A photo was taken of the couple with the many guests who visited them at Rose Hill for the occasion. Joel passed away the next year at the age of 89 and is buried in Lakeside Cemetery.
He likely sat for this portrait soon after his marriage to Margaret. You can view other portraits of him in frames #2 and #26.

Margaret Dickson Van Allen Cahoon squared

Frame #06: Margaret Van Allen Dickson Cahoon

b. 8 Feb. 1810, Washington D. C.
d. 21 June 1894, Cleveland, Ohio
Margaret Van Allen Dickson Cahoon married John Douglas Van Allen on August 16, 1827, who passed away two years later in March 1829. She met Joel in Maryland in 1830 while staying with an aunt. They married a year later and had eleven children together, eventually settling at Rose Hill. In 1881, they celebrated their golden anniversary. A photo was taken of the couple with the many guests who visited them at Rose Hill for the occasion. Margaret passed away at the age of 84, outliving her husband and all but six of her children. She is buried in Lakeside Cemetery.

Leverett Johnson

Frame #07: Leverett Johnson

b. 17 July 1793, Woodbridge, New Haven, Connecticut d. 19 April 1856, Dover Township, Ohio
Leverett traveled to Dover Township with his sister, Rebecca Porter’s family, and brother-in-law, Reuben Osborn, arriving the same day as the Cahoon’s in 1810. He was Westlake’s first settler, a Justice of the Peace, Cuyahoga County Commissioner, five-term Ohio state legislator. He donated land for Evergreen Cemetery.

Benjamin and Joel Cahoon children

Frame #08: Children of Benjamin Cahoon and Joel Cahoon

The daughters of Benjamin Cahoon (back row) pose with the children of Joel Cahoon (front row) at Rose Hill. The Cahoon Barn (now the Community Center) can be seen in the distance. This group portrait was likely taken at the Cahoon reunion seen in frame #22. Of Joel’s children, only the four sisters and Thomas are seen, placing the photograph between August 1899, when John Marshall Cahoon passed, and December 1902, when Jeanette Cahoon passed. Scroll down to read about Benjamin’s daughters, visit frame #17 to read about Joel’s daughters, and visit frame #25 to read about Thomas.
Daughters of Benjamin Cahoon, back row, left to right: Helen Bullock, Abigail Schneerer, Jeanette Cahoon, and Minerva Hollenbach.
Children of Joel Cahoon, front row, left to right: Martha Cahoon, Lydia Cahoon, Thomas Cahoon, Ida Cahoon, and Laura Cahoon.

Helen Cahoon Bullock

Helen Cahoon Bullock
b. 24 Dec. 1836, Elyria, Ohio
d. 19 July 1924, Elyria, Ohio
Helen was the second child of Benjamin and Emma Cahoon. She married Aaron H. Bullock in 1870. They lived in Elyria. Helen lived to be 88 years old and is buried in Ridgelawn Cemetery.

Abigail Frances Cahoon Schneerer

Abigail Frances Cahoon Schneerer
b. 7 Aug. 1852, Elyria, Ohio
d. 13 Aug. 1925, Norwalk, Ohio
Abigail was the eighth child of Benjamin and Emma Cahoon. She married Dr. Frederick W. Schneerer, a Union soldier. She passed away at the age of 73 and is buried in Woodlawn Cemetery, Norwalk, Ohio.

Jeanette Rebecca Cahoon

Jeanette Rebecca Cahoon
b. 26 Jan. 1842
d. 18 Dec. 1902, Elyria, Ohio
Jeanette was the sixth child of Benjamin and Emma Cahoon. She never married. Jeanette lived with her cousin, Thomas Cahoon, and his wife, Elizabeth, in Cleveland. She lived to be 59 years old.

Minerva Cahoon Hollenbach

Minerva Cahoon Hollenbach
b. 1 Mar. 1838
d. 1 Dec. 1915, Cuyahoga County, Ohio
Minerva was the fourth child of Benjamin and Emma Cahoon. She married Reuben Hollenbach on September 17, 1863 in Lorain County. They lived in Cleveland. She lived to be 77 years old.

Rebecca Cahoon Griffith

Frame #09: Rebecca Cahoon Griffith

b. 1798, Salisbury, New York
d. 1859
Rebecca Cahoon was the sixth child of Joseph and Lydia Cahoon. She came to Dover with her parents when she was twelve years old. She married Jacob Heath on November 16, 1823. The couple had two children, Silicia Heath and Franklin Heath. However, the marriage didn’t last and they divorced. On November 14, 1850, Rebecca married Ebenezer Griffith. Her daughter’s son, Walter Wright, became the Cahoon family’s lawyer and processed the will that set up Rose Hill as a museum. Walter and his family can be seen at the Cahoon family reunion in frame #22 and their daughter, Margaret Wright Glendenning’s portrait is in frame #16.

Joel and Margaret's 1881 Wedding Anniversary

Frame #10: 1881 Golden Wedding Anniversary

The Cahoon family gathered at Rose Hill for Joel and Margaret’s golden wedding anniversary on July 14, 1881. In Margaret’s autobiography, she estimates there were 150 guests present. She describes how, that morning, she and Joel exchanged rings engraved with their initials and date of their anniversary. A photograph was taken that day of all the guests. Her children can be seen in the front row, sitting from youngest to oldest.

Leverett Judson Cahoon

Frame #11: Leverett Judson Cahoon

This portrait of Leverett Judson Cahoon is a carte de visite or calling card print. This type of photographic portraiture was popular between 1859 to the early 1870s.
A four lensed camera could take eight negatives on a single glass pane. The resulting print would be cut into eight individual portraits and pasted to cards. With eight copies automatically made per session, carte de visite prints could be used similarly to calling cards and exchanged socially. They were mailed, given at holidays and birthdays as small gifts, and collected in albums.
However, in the 1870s the carte de visite cards began to be replaced by the larger cabinet cards as technology improved. Large prints were no longer as labor intensive and expensive as they had been. People jumped on the chance to have larger, more detailed photographs of their family and friends.
This carte de visite portrait of Leverett was likely taken in the 1860s. The back is decorated with the studio’s name, Ryder’s, which was located at 239 Superior Street, Cleveland, Ohio.
To learn more about Leverett go to frame #25.

Henry Casper Wischmeyer Jr.

Frame #12: Henry C. Wischmeyer, Jr.

b. 27 Sept. 1872, Dover Township, Ohio
d. 4 July 1959, Bay Village, Ohio
Henry C. Wischmeyer, Jr. was the fifth child of Henry Wischmeyer, Sr. and Regina Rentschler Wischmeyer. He worked with his father raising grapes. The family had a winery and lakefront hotel on Lake Road near Glen Park Drive. This was likely where Henry gained an understanding of many types of boats, inspiring him to build and design model boats. Blueprints of his boats are at Osborn Learning Center and many of his completed models are displayed in the basement of Rose Hill. Henry lived to be 87 years old and is buried in Lakeside Cemetery.
His portrait and his sister’s are both opaque watercolor over a photographic print. The artist is unknown.

Olga Wilhelmine Wischmeyer

Frame #13: Olga Wilhemine Wischmeyer

b. 19 Feb. 1869, Dover Township, Ohio
d. 27 Mar. 1948, Village of Bay, Ohio
Olga Wilhemine Wischmeyer was the fourth child of Henry Wischmeyer, Sr. and Regina Rentschler Wischmeyer. She worked at her father’s hotel as a cook and was a member of the Library and Museum Committee for the City of Bay Village. She never married. Olga lived to be 79 years old and is buried in Lakeside Cemetery.
Her portrait and her brother’s are both opaque watercolor over a photographic print. The artist is unknown.

Frame #14: Aaron Aldrich III and Elizabeth “Betsy” Aldrich

This daguerreotype portrait of Aaron Aldrich II and Elizabeth Winsor Aldrich was taken on April 27, 1854, on Aaron’s birthday. The case made for the daguerreotype was inscribed “A- Aldrich age 62 / April 27-1854 & Mrs. / E- Aldrich age 60 / December 22 – 1854 / Dover Ohio.” However, this contradicts the date of birth given on his grave (1795), which would have made him 59 when this photo was taken.

Aaron Aldrich III
b. 27 Apr. 1795 (?), Smithfield, Rhode Island
d. 27 May 1856, Dover Township, Ohio
Aaron Aldrich III, was the son of Aaron Aldrich II and Mary (Marcy) Waterman. He married Elizabeth “Betsy” Windsor on September 11, 1814 in Smithfield, Rhode Island. The two moved to Dover Township, Ohio in 1816  with their one year old son, Aaron Aldrich IV, and a year later had another son they named William Waterman (frame #21). The family did not settle permanently in Dover until 1829 when Aaron purchased a 140-acre farm along Lake Erie. There, Aaron set up a tannery and made furniture. He was elected as a magistrate in the township for many years and helped form the First Baptist Church of Dover. Aaron lived to be 61 years old and is buried in Lakeside Cemetery.

Elizabeth “Betsy” Windsor Aldrich
b. 22 Dec. 1794, Smithfield, Rhode Island
d. 28 Dec. 1869, Dover Township, Ohio
Elizabeth “Betsy” Windsor was the daughter of Augustus Winsor and Nancy Waterman. She married Aaron Aldrich III and settled with him in Dover. They had five children together. Betsy lived to be 75 years old. She is buried in Lakeside Cemetery.

Children of Joel and Margaret Cahoon at Rose HIll

Frame #15: Children of Joel and Margaret Cahoon

Standing, left to right: Thomas Cahoon, Martha Cahoon, Ida Cahoon, and John Marshall Cahoon.
Sitting, left to right: Laura Cahoon, Lydia Cahoon, and an empty seat likely representing their mother, Margaret Cahoon.

The children of Joel and Margaret Cahoon pose for a portrait in front of Rose Hill. This was likely taken shortly after June 21, 1894, when Margaret passed at the age of 84, outliving all but six of her children. Read more about Margaret at frame #6, her daughters at frame #17, and her sons at frame #25.

Margaret Fairly Wright Glendnning square

Frame #16: Margaret Fairley Wright Glendenning

b. July 1894, Cleveland, Ohio
d. 16 May 1957, Mount Vernon, Ohio
Margaret C. Fairely Wright was the daughter of Walter Wright and Maria Palmer, and Joseph and Lydia Cahoon’s great-great-granddaughter. She was present at Laura Cahoon’s funeral in 1917, where she opened the service singing, “My Jesus as Thou Wilt.” She married Donald O. Glendenning, son of Amos Glendenning and Luella Osborn (the great-granddaughter of Reuben Osborn), on October 21, 1922. Margaret lived to be 63 years old. She is buried in Evergreen Cemetery in Westlake, Ohio.

Frame #17: The Cahoon Sisters – Lydia, Laura, Ida & Martha Cahoon

Joel and Margaret Cahoon had four daughters who survived to adulthood. All four of them were school teachers in the Cleveland area and never married. All were active in the Commodore Perry Chapter of the Daughters of 1812 as well as the Dover Lake Episcopal Church. They split their time between Rose Hill and their house at 1916 Broadway in Cleveland.
Standing, left to right: Lydia, Laura, and Ida Cahoon. Sitting: Martha Cahoon.

The Cahoon Sisters

Lydia Cahoon

Lydia Elizabeth Cahoon
Frames #4#7#8#10#15#17#22#29
b. 16 Aug 1835, Frederich, Maryland
d. 29 Mar. 1917, Rose Hill, Village of Bay, Ohio
Lydia Elizabeth Cahoon was the third child of Joel and Margaret Cahoon. She was a school teacher in Toledo, at Cuyahoga County schools, and in the Cleveland School System. She was a founding member of the Ladies Aid Society at the Methodist Episcopal Church. Lydia passed away at Rose Hill at the age of 82 and is buried in Lakeside Cemetery.

Laura Ellen Cahoon

Laura Ellen Cahoon
Frames #4#8#10#15#17#18#22
b. 12 Dec. 1841, Cleves, Hamilton County, Ohio
d. 2 June 1917, Rose Hill, Village of Bay, Ohio
Laura Ellen Cahoon was the sixth child of Joel and Margaret Cahoon. She taught at many schools, teaching mainly the first grade. She taught for over 45 years. She once gave this advice to young teachers: “Never go into the work of preparing a child for life simply as a means to make a living. Unless you love children and love to work with children, your place isn’t with them. A little girl or boy is the most precious thing in the world.” Laura passed away at Rose Hill at the age of 76 and is buried in Lakeside Cemetery.

Martha Washington Cahoon

Martha Washington Cahoon
Frames #8#10#17#22
b. 22 Feb. 1844, Rose Hill, Dover Township, Ohio
d. 19 May 1903, Rose Hill, Village of Bay, Ohio
Martha Washington Cahoon was born on George Washington’s birthday, which prompted her namesake. She was the seventh child of Joel and Margaret Cahoon. Martha was a school teacher, getting her start in Toledo before teaching in the Cleveland School System. Martha passed away at Rose Hill at the age of 59 and is buried in Lakeside Cemetery.

Ida Maria Cahoon

Ida Maria Cahoon
Frames #4#8#10#15#17#22
b. 17 Mar. 1852, Rose Hill, Dover Township, Ohio
d. 28 Nov. 1917, Rose Hill, Village of Bay , Ohio
Ida Maria Cahoon was the youngest child of Joel and Margaret Cahoon. She received her Teacher’s Certificate on April 15, 1871 and taught in the Cleveland School System and served on the Bay Village Board of Education. She was the president of the Cahoon Family Centennial in 1910 while her sister Lydia, served as vice president. She wrote two books. Looking Backwards detailed the history and events of the Saturday Reading Club while The History of Cahoon Family told the story of her family. Ida passed away at Rose Hill at the age of 65 and is buried in Lakeside Cemetery.

Cahoon Sisters' Broadway House

Frame #18: Cahoon Sisters’ Broadway House

While the Cahoon sisters were teaching in Cleveland they lived in a house at 1916 Broadway. They sometimes shared the house with other teachers, such as Ada Hine, a teacher who is listed as a boarder at 1916 Broadway in the 1900 census. On the weekends and during breaks, they would take the train out from Cleveland to Rose Hill.

Effie Cahoon Ellis squared

Frame #19: Effie Cahoon Ellis

b. 1861, Cleveland, Ohio
d. 18 April 1888, Cleveland, Ohio
Effie Cahoon was the first and only child born to Thomas and Elizabeth Cahoon. She married Dr. Clifton D. Ellis on October 24, 1883. This photograph was likely taken of her wearing her wedding dress from that day. Her husband had a general practice and was a professor of Osteology and Minor Surgery at the Cleveland University of Medicine and Surgery. She died of tuberculosis at the age of 27 and is buried in Lakeside Cemetery.

Aldrich Family

Frame #20: Aldrich Family Portrait

William Waterman Aldrich II was the first born son of William Waterman Aldrich I and Martha Bassett Aldrich. He was a farmer, learning the trade from his father. In 1857 he bought land from Christian Saddler and built a house before marrying Jeanette Bates on June 12, 1862. They had ten children, all pictured here. It is said that for each child’s birth, a tree was planted on the lawn and the house was steadily expanded to accommodate the family. All seven daughters were married in the parlor of the house William built, and the funerals of William and Jeanette were held there. The house still stands at 366 Bassett Road.
Back row, left to right: Annabelle, Evalena, Martha Bassett, Howard Vincent, Imogene Rachel, Berthenia Capitola, and Edythe Amelia.
Front row, left to right: Gertrude Florence, William Waterman II, Clifton Irving, Jeanette Bates, and William Waterman III.

Imogene Rachel Aldrich

Imogene Rachel Aldrich
b. 6 May 1863, Dover Township, Ohio
d. 24 Mar. 1931, Dover Village, Ohio
Imogene was the first child of William and Jeanette Aldrich. She married George Alexander Williams on November 10, 1880. They had five children together. George ran a fruit farm on Center Ridge Road, which their son Leonard later took over after George’s death. Imogene passed away at the age of 68 and is buried in Evergreen Cemetery, Westlake, Ohio.

Berthenia Capitola Aldrich

Berthenia Capitola Aldrich
b. 2 May 1864, Dover Township, Ohio
d. 26 Apr. 1894, Carlisle Township, Ohio
Berthenia was the second child of William and Jeanette Aldrich. She married Robert John Smith on June 24, 1885. Robert was a farmer and both of his parents were from England. They had six children together. She passed away at the age of 30 and is buried in Ridgelawn Cemetery, Elyria, Ohio.

Martha Bassett Aldrich

Martha Bassett Aldrich
b. 25 Nov. 1865, Dover Township, Ohio
d. 12 Aug. 1957, Chicago, Illinois
Martha Bassett Aldrich was the third child of William and Jeanette Aldrich. She was named after William’s mother. She married Isaac Beaucock on October 27, 1887. They had three children together. At some point between their marriage, and the birth of their son Clarence in 1897, they moved to Chicago where Isaac worked as a contract decorator and painter. Martha passed away at the age of 92 and is buried in Irving Park Cemetery, Chicago, Illinois.

Evalena Jeanette Aldrich

Evalena Jeanette Aldrich
b. 17 Mar. 1867, Dover Township, Ohio
d. 5 Mar. 1956, Lorain County, Ohio
Evalena (Evelyn) Aldrich was the fourth child of William and Jeanette Aldrich. She married George Linsley in 1896 and had a daughter, Grace, in 1898. She then married Heinrich Lade on March 22, 1903. They had a son, Bernhardt Lade. Henry passed away in 1907. Evalena then married John Meister, divorcing him in 1918 before marrying John W. Thomson who worked at a steel plant. Sometime before 1930, he passed away and Evalena and her son went to live with Evalena’s mother. She lived to be 89.

Howard Vincent Aldrich

Howard Vincent Aldrich
b. 22 Aug. 1869, Dover Township, Ohio
d. 6 Mar. 1947, Cleveland, Ohio
Howard Vincent Aldrich was the fifth child of William and Jeanette Aldrich. He married Alice McCarty on November 17, 1889. They had two children together. Howard worked as a manager of a seed store in Cleveland. He passed away at the age of 78 and is buried in Evergreen Cemetery, Westlake, Ohio.

Annabelle Hurst Aldrich

Annabelle Hurst Aldrich
b. 30 Oct. 1873, Dover Township, Ohio
d. 9 Oct. 1950, Lakewood, Ohio
Annabelle was the sixth child of William and Jeanette Aldrich. She married Clayton M. Terry on January 25, 1897. He worked as a clerk at a steel plant in 1910. They had three children together. She passed away at the age of 76 and is buried in Butternut Ridge Cemetery, Eaton, Ohio.

Edythe Amelia Aldrich

Edythe Amelia Aldrich
b. 14 Aug. 1876, Dover Township, Ohio
d. 8 Jan. 1961, Elyria, Ohio
Edythe Amelia Aldrich was the seventh child of William and Jeanette Alrdich. She married Herbert Marcus Barker on April 5, 1905. Herbert had a younger sister, Mary Adeline Barker who married Edythe’s younger brother, Clifton. Edythe and Herbert moved to Elba, New York within a year, where Herbert started a farm. The couple had one child together, Gertrude Barker. Herbert passed away in 1924. By 1930, Edythe had moved back to Ohio where she made a home with her daughter in Elyria. She passed away at the age of 86 and is buried in Evergreen Cemetery, Westlake, Ohio.

Clifton Irving Aldrich

Clifton Irving Aldrich
b. 21 Nov. 1878, Dover Township, Ohio
d. 17 May 1970, Avon, Ohio
Clifton Irving Aldrich was the eighth child of William and Jeanette Aldrich. He married Mary Adeline Barker on August 27, 1903. Mary Adeline’s brother would marry Clifton’s older sister two years later. Clifton and Mary Adeline had three children together. They raised their children on the fruit farm Clifton owned. He passed away at the age of 92 and is buried in Evergreen Cemetery, Westlake, Ohio.

Gertrude Florence Aldrich

Gertrude Florence Aldrich
b. 3 Apr. 1880, Dover Township, Ohio
d. 25 Dec. 1949, Benton Harbor, Michigan
Gertrude Florence Aldrich was the ninth child of William and Jeanette Aldrich. She married Frank Leslie Simanton on March 7, 1907. In 1908, when Gertrude gave birth to her first child, Edith, they were living in Illinois. By 1910 they had moved to Fargo, North Dakota where Frank taught high school. By 1920 they were living in Illinois again, in Brookside, where Frank was working as an entomologist with the U.S. government. Ten years later they were living in Benton Harbor, Michigan where Frank continued his work as an entomologist. The couple stayed in Benton Harbor for the rest of their lives, having a total of five children together. Gertrude passed away at the age of 69 and is buried in Crystal Springs Cemetery, Benton Harbor, Michigan.

William Waterman Aldrich III

William Waterman Aldrich III
b. 4 Sept. 1882, Dover Township, Ohio
d. 30 Sept. 1946, Toledo, Ohio
William Waterman Aldrich III was the tenth child of William and Jeanette Aldrich. He married Florence Mitchell  on December 25, 1906, and they had one child together, Melvern William Aldrich. They lived in Rockport (now Rocky River) where William worked as a clerk at a coal office. The couple later divorced in 1918. William then married Ruby Teasdale on August 16, 1920, and they had two children together, William Waterman Aldrich IV and Norma Jean Aldrich. By 1930 he was working as a manager for a heating company in Elyria. Ten years later in 1940, he and Ruby were divorced and he was working as a timekeeper in Lorain. He passed away at the age of 64 and is buried in Ridgehill Memorial Cemetery, Amherst, Ohio.

Anna Taintor Cahoon

Frame #21: Anna M. Taintor Cahoon

b. 1871, Illinois
d. unknown
Anna M. Taintor Cahoon was the adopted daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Cahoon. She was a painter, designer, and interior decorator in Cleveland from the mid-1880s to at least 1897. She graduated from the Wester Reserve School of Design in 1888 and attended classes at the Cleveland School of Art while working at William Otis’s Household Art Company. She was listed as an artist in the 1893 Cleveland City Directory. In 1896, Anna partnered with Amy E. Smith in a decorating and applied art business that they had at least until 1898.

Cahoon Family Reunion between 1899-1903)

Frame #22: Cahoon Family Reunion

The descendants of Joseph and Lydia Cahoon gathered for a reunion at Rose Hill sometime after 1899 (John Marshall’s death), but before 1903 (Martha’s death). The reunion included the Wright, Bullock, Hollenbach, and Andrews families. The Wrights are the descendants of Joseph and Lydia Cahoon’s daughter, Rebecca. The Bullocks and Hollenbachs are descendants of Joseph and Lydia Cahoon’s son, Benjamin. The Andrews family is very distantly related to the Cahoons but were considered close family friends.

Numbered Cahoon Reunion A

Top Row: 1-6. Unknown, 7. Walter Wright, 8. Tom Wright, 9. Maria Palmer Wright, 10. Aaron Bullock, 11. Bertha Wilbur Bullock, 12. Mabel Bullock, and 13. Alva Bullock. Middle Row: 27. Everett Benjamin Cahoon, 28. Thomas Cahoon, 29. Martha Cahoon, 30. Helen Cahoon Bullock, and 31. Jeannette Cahoon. Bottom Row: 38-43. Unknown

Numbered Cahoon Reunion B

Top Row: 14. Mary Hollenbach, 15. Unknown, 16. Lulu Hollenbach Manter, 17. Reuben Hollenbach, 18. Elizabeth Hollenbach Dougherty, 19. Unknown, 20. Ida Cahoon, 21. Unknown, 22. Jay Collin Andrews, 23. Lillian Spoor Andrews, 24. Edwin R. Andrews, 25. George Andrews, and 26. Unknown. Middle Row: 32. Minerva Cahoon Hollenbach, 33. Lydia Cahoon, 34. Laura Cahoon, 35. Abigail Cahoon Schneerer, 36. Maria Webb Andrews, 37. Frank Andrews. Bottom Row: 44. Unknown, 45. Virginia Andrews Hutchinson, 46. William Harron Andrews, 47. Jay Andrews, 48. Dan Andrews, and 49. Louise Andrews Sanders.

Powell Family Portrait

Frame #23: The Powell Family Portrait

Perry Powell was born on April 29, 1836 to Thomas Powell and Sophia Sadler Powell. He married Sarah Milner in 1867. The north forty acres of Thomas’ farm were deeded to Perry, along with the old Powell house where he resided with his family. The couple had three children, Elvie Powell Dodd (left), Clinton Powell (middle), and Mary Powell (right). All of the Powells are buried in Evergreen Cemetery, Westlake, Ohio except for Mary who moved to Santa Barbara with her husband.

 

Perry Powell

Perry Powell
Front, right.
b. 29 Apr. 1836, Dover Township, Ohio
d. 16 Jul. 1915, Village of Bay, Ohio
Perry Powell was the first child of Thomas and Sarah Powell. For a time he worked as a carpenter and joiner according to the 1880 census before taking over his father’s farm. After his wife’s death in 1898, he worked the farm before going to live with his eldest daughter and her family on their farm. He lived to be 79 years old.

Sarah Milner Powell

Sarah Milner Powell
Front, left.
b. 13 Apr. 1847, Mayfield, Ohio
d. 23 Sept. 1898
Sarah was the daughter of Harriet Horn and James Milner. Her father immigrated from East Riding of Yorkshire, England. Her mother was from New York. James passed away a year after Sarah was born. Her and her mother, along with her three siblings, went to live with her uncle, John Horn, on his farm. Sarah married Perry Powell in 1867. She passed away at the age of 51.

Alva “Elvie” Powell Dodd

Alva “Elvie” Powell Dodd
Back, left.
b. Dec. 1872, Dover Township, Ohio
d. 1954
Elvie was the third child of Perry and Sarah Powell. She married twice, first to Chauncey Stevens and then to Wirt W. Dodd. Wirt’s parents, Charles and Anna Dodd, immigrated from the Isle of Man to Dover and started a fruit farm. Wirt took over his father’s farm for a time where he and Elvie would have two children together. By 1930 the couple took on other jobs, Wirt as a house builder, and Elvie as a dressmaker. Sometime in the late 1930s, Elvie went to live with her widowed daughter, Sarah Wymer, in Cleveland. She passed away at the age of 82.

Isaac Clinton “Clint” Powell

Isaac Clinton “Clint” Powell
Back, middle.
b. Oct. 1870, Ohio
d. 25 Jan. 1926, Village of Bay, Ohio
Clint was the first child of Perry and Sarah Powell. He married Amanda Wuebker on March 2, 1905. Amanda’s parents were Friedrich and Ernestine Wuebker who immigrated from Buscherheide, Hanover, Prussia. Friedrich passed away when Amanda was young, so she and her family went to live with her uncle in Dover. Her brother, Ernie, was the mailman on the first rural mail route out of West Dover.
Clint and Amanda had four children together who they raised on their fruit farm on Bradley Road. He passed away at the age of 56, leaving the farm to his wife. She ran the farm until her death twenty years later.

Mary Katherine Powell

Mary Katherine Powell
Back, right.
b. 10 Jun. 1878, Ohio
d. 20 Oct. 1924, Santa Barbara, California
Mary was the third child of Perry and Sarah Powell. She worked as a teacher before marrying William H. Greene on June 16, 1902. William Greene was the son of William B. and Caroline Greene, and worked as a farmer before working as an electrical engineer. The couple lived with William’s parents at least until 1910, before moving to California, where William bought a farm. Mary passed away at the age of 46 and is buried in Santa Barbara Cemetery in California.

Reuben Osborn

Frame #24: Notable Bay Village Residents

William Sadler

William Sadler
b. 23 Sept. 1791, Laurel Hill, Pennsylvania
d. 23 Mar. 1875, Dover Township, Ohio
William Sadler was the son of Christopher Saddler and Sophia Oritz. In the War of 1812 he was a corporal under Captain Harris and participated in the Battle of Lake Erie as a sharpshooter. During the war he traveled through Dover Township and decided to settle there, purchasing Lots #92 and #98 along the Lake Erie shoreline. He arrived in Dover with his father in 1814 where the two prepared a home for William’s family by clearing the land and building a log cabin. In 1815, he traveled back to New York to bring his wife, Elizabeth Tryon and their daughter Sophia to Dover.
William and Elizabeth founded the Dover Lake Shore Methodist Episcopal Church in North Dover Township (today, Bay Village) in June 1827. The church met in their log cabin until William and Elizabeth deeded part of their land to the building of a frame church, providing materials and raising funds as well. William passed away at 84 years old and is buried in Lakeside Cemetery.

Henry Foote

Henry Foote
Frame #24, far right
b. 21 Apr. 1844, Dover Township, Ohio
d. 12 Mar. 1919, Village of Bay, Ohio
Henry Foote was the son of Ransom Foote (son of David Foote) and Catharine Porter Foote (daughter of Asahel Porter). David Foote was an early settler of Bay Village. Around 1815, he bought Lot #97 in Dover Township where he built a log cabin and raised his family.  Asahel Porter, Catharine’s father, arrived in Dover the same afternoon as the Cahoons.
Henry Foote, along with his siblings, helped farm the original Foote homestead. Eventually, Henry took over the remaining portion of the farm after part of it was sold. He raised mainly fruits and berries on his farm and also worked as a land agent for the Lake Shore Electric Interurban. He never married, living with his sister at the old family homestead. He passed away at the age of 75 and is buried in Lakeside Cemetery.

Reuben Osborn

Reuben Osborn
Frame #24, middle left
b. 4 Nov. 1778, New Haven, Connecticut
d. 24 Mar. 1860, Dover Township, Ohio
Reuben Osborn and his brother-in-law Asahel Porter arrived in Dover Township on the same day as Joseph Cahoon on October 10, 1810. He permanently settled in Dover a year later with his wife, Sarah Johnson Osborn. He built the oldest frame house between Cleveland and Lorain in 1815. Reuben donated land for the first schoolhouse in Dover as well as the first cemetery. He passed away at the age of 81 and is buried in the cemetery he helped create: Lakeside Cemetery, Bay Village, Ohio.
This portrait, as well as Sarah Osborn’s, are carte de visite portraits. True to the carte de visite form, they were mailed to a member of the Foote family where they were placed in a photo album. Both have a green 3 cent telegraph stamp on the back, dated 10/22/1864.

Sarah Johnson Osborn

Sarah Johnson Osborn
Frame #24, middle right
b. 8 Aug. 1779, Woodbridge, Connecticut
d. 6 Sept. 1858, Dover Township, Ohio
Sarah Johnson was the daughter of Eliphalet and Mary Johnson. She married Reuben Osborn in Bristol, Connecticut. Her sister married Asahel Porter. Asahel’s family along with Sarah’s husband and her brother Leverett Johnson, arrived in Dover Township in 1810. Reuben returned for her and waited for spring to settle in Dover permanently as a family in 1811. Her brother, Leverett, married Abigail Cahoon in the Cahoon log house in 1814. He later became the Justice of the Peace and served in the State Legislature.
Sarah and Reuben had three children together, but their only son, Selden, was the only child to survive to adulthood. He had a son named Reuben who would become the first mayor of Bay Village after it seceded from Dover. Sarah passed away at the age of 79 and is buried in Lakeside Cemetery, Bay Village, Ohio.

Thomas Havenner Cahoon

Frame #25: Joel and Margaret Cahoon’s Sons

Joel and Margaret had six sons, five of which survived to adulthood. Of the five, only Thomas married. Thomas and John Marshall were the only two brothers to outlive their mother.

Thomas Havenner Cahoon

Thomas Havenner Cahoon
Frames #8#15#25
b. 7 July 1832, Fredericktown, Maryland
d. 16 Apr. 1907, Cleveland, Ohio
Thomas Havenner Cahoon was the eldest child of Joel and Margaret Cahoon. He was the only child to ever marry, marrying Elizabeth Hughes on March 27th, 1860. He was a member of the Cleveland City Council, a partner in the lumber firm Cahoon & Hutchinson as well as in the manufacturing firm Moore, Cahoon, & Co. He passed away at the age of 75 and was buried in Lakeside Cemetery.

John Joseph Cahoon

John Joseph Cahoon
b. 9 Jan. 1834, Fredericktown, Maryland
d. 4 Mar. 1894, Dover, Ohio
John Joseph Cahoon was the second child of Joel and Margaret Cahoon. He grew up at Rose Hill but later moved to Memphis, Tennessee where he worked as a mechanical engineer. He returned to Rose Hill when he contracted tuberculosis. He passed away at the age of 60 and is buried in Lakeside Cemetery.

Daniel Kenyon Cahoon

Daniel Kenyon Cahoon
Frames #25#30
b. 25 Jan. 1838, Clear Spring, Maryland
d. 15 Feb. 1890, Cleveland, Ohio
Daniel Kenyon Cahoon was the fourth child of Joel and Margaret Cahoon. Little is known about his life including what he did for a living. However, in the 1880 census he was listed as a ticket agent. He never married. Daniel passed away at 52 and is buried in Lakeside Cemetery.

Leverett Judson Cahoon

Leverett Judson Cahoon
Frames #11#25
b. 14 Nov. 1845, Dover Township, Ohio
d. 16 Aug. 1886, Dover Township, Ohio
Leverett Cahoon was the eighth child of Joel and Margaret Cahoon. He took over the farm after Joel became too ill. In addition, he and his younger brother, John Marshall Cahoon, became proprietors of the Cahoon Store around 1860. The brothers also started a fishery, as well as shipped fruit on the Nickel Plate Railroad, which had built a train station adjacent to their store. He lived to be 41, when he passed away of typhoid fever. Leverett is buried in the family lot in Lakeside Cemetery.

John Marshall Cahoon

John Marshall Cahoon
Frames #15#25#27
b. 29 July 1847, Dover Township, Ohio
d. 8 Aug. 1899, Dover Township, Ohio
John Marshall Cahoon was the ninth child of Joel and Margaret Cahoon. He often went by “Pat” or “Patrick.” He was appointed the postmaster of North Dover in 1892. He passed away at the age of 52 when his carriage overturned on his way home from the Cahoon Store. John Marshall is buried in the family lot in Lakeside Cemetery.

Joel Butler Cahoon

Frame #26: Joel Butler Cahoon

A series of crayon enlargements of family photographs continue to be displayed on the walls of Rose Hill. This photograph of Joel Cahoon was enlarged by John Kavanagh of Cleveland in 1881. He studied at the National Academy of Design in New York, studied genre painting in Munich, and studied at the Académie Julian in Paris. In Cleveland he became well known for his portraiture, specifically in crayon as seen here. Kavanagh also painted landscapes, including one of Rose Hill which hangs in the 1818 parlor. In 1889, he became the director of the Art Club in Cleveland, teaching portraiture and figure painting. He passed away in 1898. To read more about Joel Cahoon, visit frame #5.

John Marshall Cahoon

Frame #27: John Marshall Cahoon

This photograph of John Marshall Cahoon served as the reference for a crayon enlargement by an unknown artist. The enlargement process began with the sun. A camera with an angled mirror captured the sunlight and directed it through the photo negative and an enlarging lens onto a piece of treated paper. This took several hours, and the mirror had to constantly be adjusted to account for the sun’s movement. Between this and any inherent flaws in the image now seen at a much larger scale, they almost always had to be retouched and enhanced using crayons and paint. A skilled artist could maintain the original photograph’s realism, providing a portrait that was worthy of framing and hanging on the wall.
To learn more about John Marshall Cahoon go to frame #25.

Martha Washington Cahoon

Frame #28: Martha Washington Cahoon

This portrait of Martha Washington Cahoon was done by an unknown artist. It may be a crayon enlargement, although the effect is more painterly than Joel’s or John Marshall’s. To learn more about Martha, visit frame #17.

Lydia Elizabeth Cahoon 2

Frame #29: Lydia Elizabeth Cahoon

This crayon portrait of Lydia Elizabeth Cahoon is signed “Tanquerey, Brooklyn, N.Y.C.” A positive identification of the artist is difficult, although an ‘A. Tanquerey’ won a Medal of Merit in photographs and crayon portraits in 1890. However, Tanquerey is also associated with a crayon portrait scam. In a 1891 circular for the Tanquerey Portrait Society, signed by an ‘A. Tanquerey,’ a free crayon portrait is advertised. An interested party would send a photograph to be turned into a larger portrait free of charge.
The deal was too good to be true. After the photograph was sent, the customer would be sent a pamphlet advertising extravagant frames they would have to buy before receiving their original photograph and portrait. If the customer refused, they would receive neither. In 1893, the Tanquerey Portrait Society was banned from using the U.S. mail. A few years afterwards the scam was running in France and Australia, with warnings of the ‘swindle’ being printed in the newspaper.
It appears that Lydia was able to secure a quality portrait from Tanquerey. Maybe she decided the frame was worth the trouble, or Tanquerey had yet to turn his crayon portrait business into an international scam.
To learn more about Lydia, go to frame #17.

Daniel Kenyon Cahoon

Frame #30: Daniel Kenyon Cahoon

This photograph of Daniel Kenyon Cahoon was used to make a crayon enlargement similar in style to Martha’s portrait. To learn more about Daniel, visit frame #25.

Victoria Clague Tuttle

Frame #31: Victoria Clague Tuttle

b. 10 Mar. 1839, Dover Township, Ohio
d. 10 Jan. 1930, Village of Bay, Ohio
Victoria Clague was the daughter of Robert Clague and Margaret Cowle. Her parents were from the Isle of Man, marrying in Lonan in 1837 before immigrating to Dover before Victoria’s birth in 1839. Victoria married Ezra W. Tuttle on May 31, 1873. She passed away at the age of 91 and is buried in Evergreen Cemetery, Westlake, Ohio.

Ezra Tuttle

Frame #32: Ezra Tuttle

b. 12 Feb. 1837, Dover Township, Ohio
d. 23 July 1921, Village of Bay, Ohio
Ezra W. Tuttle was the second child of Dexter Tuttle and Amelia Weidner Tuttle. Dexter was an early settler of Dover, arriving in 1823 at age 16. Ezra helped his father build a frame house for the family in 1845. The family’s land along Lake Road was split amongst the children, with Ezra farming a portion by Columbia road. He passed away at the age of 84 and is buried in Evergreen Cemetery, Westlake, Ohio.

Laura Jeanette Bates Aldrich

Frame #33: Laura “Jeanette” Bates Aldrich

b. 6 Feb. 1841, Avon, Ohio
d. 27 May 1931, Village of Bay, Ohio
Laura Jeanette Bates was the sixth child of Daniel and Rachel Bates. She married William Waterman and Martha Aldrich’s first son, William Waterman Aldrich II. They lived in a house William II built on land he had bought from Christian Saddler. Many additions were added and Jeanette cared for a large flower garden on the grounds. Jeanette passed away at the age of 90 and is buried in Evergreen Cemetery in Westlake, Ohio.

Ezra Tuttle young

Frame #34: Ezra Tuttle as a Young Man

b. 12 Feb. 1837, Dover Township, Ohio
d. 23 July 1921, Village of Bay, Ohio
Ezra W. Tuttle was the second child of Dexter Tuttle and Amelia Weidner Tuttle. Dexter was an early settler of Dover, arriving in 1823 at age 16. Ezra helped his father build a frame house for the family in 1845. The family’s land along Lake Road was split amongst the children, with Ezra farming a portion by Columbia road. He passed away at the age of 84 and is buried in Evergreen Cemetery, Westlake, Ohio.

Martha Bassett Aldrich

Frame #35: Martha Bassett Aldrich

b. 7 Oct. 1818, Dover Township, Ohio
d. 29 Nov. 1875, Dover Township, Ohio
Martha Bassett was the daughter of Nathan Bassett and Martha Hall. Her father was an early settler of Dover, arriving in 1811 and serving as a town trustee from 1813 to 1839. Martha married William Waterman Aldrich on July 4, 1840 and they had eight children together. She passed away at the age of 57 from tuberculosis and is buried in Lakeside Cemetery.

William Waterman Aldrich

Frame #36: William Waterman Aldrich

b. 17 Oct. 1817, Dover Township, Ohio
d. 19 Nov. 1903, Lorain, Ohio
William Waterman Aldrich was the son of Aaron Aldrich III and Elizabeth Winsor. He was born in Dover before the family left for New York. They returned when William was twelve. He was a successful farmer and rancher, eventually becoming a breeder of Hereford cattle in Elyria. He passed away at the age of 86 and is buried in Lakeside Cemetery.

Miss Prince

Frame #37: Miss Prince

b. Unknown
d. Unknown
Miss Prince was a presumed friend of the Cahoon family. Her first name is unknown.

Thomas Havenner Cahoon as a Young Man

Frame #38: Thomas Havenner Cahoon

This is likely a photograph of a young Thomas Cahoon. To learn more about Thomas, go to frame #25.

Elizabeth Hughes Cahoon

Frame #39: Elizabeth Hughes Cahoon

b. 19 Nov. 1830, Ohio
d. 4 Oct. 1914, Cleveland, Ohio
Elizabeth Hughes was the first child of Richard Hughes and Elizabeth Elder. She married Thomas Havenner Cahoon in Cincinnati, Ohio on March 27, 1860. They settled in Cleveland and had one daughter together, Effie, and adopted another daughter, Anna. Elizabeth passed away at the age of 84, outliving both her husband and Effie. She is buried in Lakeside Cemetery.

Emeline "Emma" Hackett Cahoon squared

Emmeline “Emma” Hackett Cahoon

b. 1808

d. 1876, Elyria, Ohio
Emmeline “Emma” Hackett Cahoon was born in 1808. She married Benjamin Cahoon on December 1, 1835. They had at least eight children together. Their daughters can be seen in a group portrait at Rose Hill in frames #8 and #22. She was described by Ida Cahoon, in her book History of the Cahoon Family, as “...a most excellent wife and model mother.” Emma lived to be 68 years old and is buried in Ridgelawn Cemetery, Elyria, Ohio.

Portraits

The portrait gallery showcases many of the photographs and portraits of the Cahoon family and other early Bay Village residents.

In the Victorian era, technology was going through rapid developments, including the new process of photography. With the introduction of albumen prints, photography and portraiture was now cheap enough to become commercially available to the middle class. Instead of spending time and money to sit for an artist to paint a single portrait of their loved ones, families could now take a short afternoon trip to one of many photography studios.

Cleveland had many studios during this time, including the “Studio of Photographie, M. M. Udell,” at 11 & 13 Euclid Avenue. The back of one of their cabinet cards, pictured here, features an ornate advertisement for the studio. The portraits of the Cahoon brothers are some examples of cabinet cards (Frame #25).
Photography had also progressed far enough that cameras could be taken outside of the studio. In fact, a photographer could come out to document important events such as wedding anniversaries and family reunions. Rose Hill’s portrait gallery showcases many of these photographs, such as Joel and Margaret Cahoon’s golden wedding anniversary in 1881 (Frame #10).

Besides photographs, other types of portraits are seen here. Before commercially available photography a few early Dover residents sat for more traditional portraits such as Joel and Margaret Cahoon when they were a young couple (Frames #5 and #6). Large hand-drawn crayon copies of photographic portraits are also on display, likely made so that the portraits could be framed and hung on the walls rather than kept in a photo album.

Portrait Gallery Key: To read about a particular portrait or photograph, click on the frame number and title below. Or start from the beginning with Emma Hackett Cahoon’s portrait.<!–Emma Cahoon’s portrait.–>

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Early Papers



The Bay Village Historical Society was awarded a grant from the Ohio Historical Records Advisory Board in 2020 to support the effort of placing 600 Early Family Papers on our website. The families primarily represented are the Cahoon and Aldrich families, who were early settlers, but includes documents from the Foote, Saddler, Tuttle and Wischmeyer families among others.
The collection includes a wide variety of topics and records, including photographs. Not all items are included on the website, but are available for research.

Browse Papers

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